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1  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Waiters, bartenders, and manufacturing workers on: December 02, 2016, 08:24:18 PM
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-12-02/2014-us-has-added-571000-waiters-and-bartenders-and-lost-34000-manufacturing-workers
2  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Kissinger explaining Trump to the Chinese on: December 02, 2016, 08:20:01 PM
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-12-02/china-grappling-with-trump-turns-to-old-friend-kissinger

BTW, I tangentially note that many years ago that the Investors Business Daily went after Dr. Kissinger REALLY hard for all the consulting money the Chinese were paying him.  I also note that under Trump's lobbying rules, Kissinger could not have done this.
3  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Questions about Mad Dog and Israel on: December 02, 2016, 08:14:13 PM
http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2016/12/01/mattis-secdef-confirmation-risks-fight-pro-israel-groups/
4  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / James Webb on US foreign policy on: December 02, 2016, 05:33:01 PM
Interesting, thoughtful piece:

http://thefederalist.com/2016/12/01/jim-webb-addresses-americas-elites-donald-trump-foreign-policy-keynote/


5  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Ellison's disintel campaign on: December 02, 2016, 05:19:35 PM
Keith Ellison's Disinformation Campaign
by Steven Emerson
IPT News
December 2, 2016
http://www.investigativeproject.org/5715/keith-ellison-disinformation-campaign

 
Confronted by his own words and facing a direct threat to his bid to become the next Democratic National Committee (DNC) chairman, U.S. Rep. Keith Ellison flagrantly lied Thursday. We are releasing the full audio and transcript to prove this.

Two days earlier, the Investigative Project on Terrorism released audio of Ellison during a 2010 political fundraiser, criticizing what he saw as the inappropriate and disproportionate influence Israel carries over American foreign policy.
 
"The United States foreign policy in the Middle East is governed by what is good or bad through a country of 7 million people. A region of 350 million all turns on a country of 7 million," said Ellison, D-Minn. "Does that make sense? Is that logic? Right? When the Americans who trace their roots back to those 350 million get involved, everything changes. Can I say that again?"

In a statement Thursday, the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) said it found Ellison's comments "deeply disturbing and disqualifying." That's because, "whether intentional or not, his words raise the specter of age-old stereotypes about Jewish control of our government, a poisonous myth that may persist in parts of the world where intolerance thrives."

In an open letter to the ADL, Ellison falsely claimed that "the audio released was selectively edited and taken out of context." He also claimed that he was merely "responding to a question about how Americans with roots in the Middle East could engage in the political process in a more effective way." And then he chose to attack the messenger.

None of Ellison's comments are true.

We have released the full audio of his remarks (click here to hear them and to read a complete transcript) to show no edits were made and to show the full context. Let him also explain this other clearly anti-Semitic comment he made: "But it makes all the sense in the world when you see that that country has mobilized its diaspora in America to do its bidding in America."

Ellison and Context

As we reported, Ellison's 2010 comments came during a fundraiser for Esam Omeish's state assembly campaign. Omeish is a former president of the Muslim American Society (MAS), a group created by Muslim Brotherhood members in the United States. In 2007, Omeish was forced to resign from a Virginia immigration panel after the IPT produced video of him praising Palestinians in 2000 for learning that "the jihad way is the way to liberate your land." A second video, shot two months earlier, shows Omeish congratulating "our brothers and sisters in [Palestine] for their bravery, for their giving up their lives for the sake of Allah."

Just this week, Omeish posted a paean to the Muslim Brotherhood on Facebook.

Nihad Awad, the only executive director the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) has ever had, also attended the Omeish fundraiser. Court records show Awad was a member of a Muslim Brotherhood created Hamas support network in the United States called the Palestine Committee. So was CAIR, the organization he leads.

Awad attended a pivotal 1993 gathering of committee members in Philadelphia, convened to discuss ways to "derail" the U.S. brokered Oslo Accords.
Palestine Committee members opposed it because it included recognition of Israel's right to exist and because it empowered the secular Fatah movement over the Islamists in Hamas. We know this because the FBI secretly recorded the meeting.
 
excerpt from an FBI translation

He has never explained why he joined the others present in referring to Hamas in the agreed-upon, yet crude code of reversing the spelling and speaking about "Samah."  Six months later, Awad appeared in Miami, where he publicly stated that, after some research, "I am in support of the Hamas movement more than the PLO."
 
When Keith Ellison stands before Omeish and Awad and asks whether it makes sense that America's Middle East policy "is governed by what is good or bad through a country of 7 million people," or when he says "that country [Israel] has mobilized its diaspora in America to do its bidding in America," the context seems pretty clear.

Democrats should choose the candidate they think can best lead their party to success in the future. They might decide Ellison fits that description.
They do so armed with greater understanding of Ellison's true feelings toward an issue pivotal for a lot of voters of all political persuasions
6  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Dar al-Hijrah Board Member pens MB tribute on: December 02, 2016, 05:17:25 PM
Dar al-Hijrah Board Member Pens Muslim Brotherhood Tribute
by John Rossomando  •  Dec 2, 2016 at 11:08 am
http://www.investigativeproject.org/5714/dar-al-hijrah-board-member-pens-muslim

 
A politically connected, longtime board member at the Falls Church, Va., based Dar al-Hijrah Islamic Center effusively praised the Muslim Brotherhood in a Facebook posting Wednesday.

Esam Omeish was forced to step down from a state immigration commission by then Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine in 2006 after video of him praising Palestinians for fighting the "jihad way" became public.  He also served as president of the Muslim American Society (MAS), a group founded by the Muslim Brotherhood in America.

While MAS officials denied that connection, Omeish praised the Egyptian-based organization with ultimate designs on a global Islamic state.

"We have not known of the people of Islam ... those more just in understanding, wider in approach and closer in application than the Muslim Brotherhood," Omeish wrote. "We have not known of humane brotherliness and its people, (and we are affiliated with all men whom Allah has created a propensity for love, mercy, an upright disposition, good morals and honorable character) better in ethics, of gentler parts, deeper in adherence to duty, nobler in morals among all their sons, and everyone of their actions than the Muslim Brotherhood."

Omeish was responding to a posting by Hani Elkadi, co-founder of Egyptian Americans for Freedom and Justice and Egyptian Americans for Democracy and Human Rights. Elkadi seemed to admit his own Brotherhood affiliation on Facebook in a March 9, 2015 Facebook post showing an cartoon of a man holding a sign with the Brotherhood logo and the words which translate to, "I am [Muslim] Brotherhood and I'm not threatened."

 Omeish visited the White House and State Department numerous times and posted pictures of himself with President Barack Obama and Secretary of State John Kerry on his Facebook page. State Department officials featured Omeish in a 2008 video about American Muslims.

In February, Omeish sent an open letter to President Obama asking him to support the al-Qaida linked Revolutionary Council of Derna.

He endorsed the Muslim Brotherhood branch in his native Libya in a 2012 IRIN News article, saying that although it came in a distant second in Libya's 2012 elections, it "may be able to provide a better platform and a more coherent agenda of national action."
7  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Interesting thought pieces: Ambitious millenials leaving America? on: December 02, 2016, 05:13:43 PM
https://pjmedia.com/trending/2016/12/02/millennials-are-leaving-the-country-but-not-for-the-reason-you-think/
8  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Dems headed down the wrong track on: December 02, 2016, 05:09:59 PM
http://www.usnews.com/opinion/articles/2016-12-02/democrats-are-headed-down-the-wrong-track?emailed=1&src=usn_thereport
9  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Newt ups speaking fees on: December 02, 2016, 03:20:26 PM
http://thehill.com/homenews/news/308437-gingrich-ups-speaking-fees-cites-trump-insight-report
10  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Islam in Saudi Arabia: Woman goes out without hijab on: December 02, 2016, 03:05:28 PM
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/saudi-arabia-woman-no-hijab-execution-abaya-muslim-a7450096.html
11  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Feds halt naturalization approvals on: December 02, 2016, 01:47:24 PM
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/dec/2/feds-halt-new-citizenship-approvals/?mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiT0RZNU9XVXlNelU1TUdVMSIsInQiOiJVMEpzQ1MwM0QyM0syTW5YQlRONVJKaGU1d2dQT3JicHpUMGhRSmtvdVVYNG1VMXdLb3pIWGVSeU1hd2VsMXF1cUJxUFJvbDhEQVlDbGhnZXZ3aTArM3hhMzRLOGYzamNJOFdXZjlic0RXUT0ifQ%3D%3D
12  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Rather odd from a man who said the system was rigged on: December 02, 2016, 01:36:42 PM
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/02/us/trump-recounts-wisconsin-michigan-pennsylvania.html?emc=edit_na_20161202&nlid=49641193&ref=cta&_r=0
13  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / University of Toronto on: December 02, 2016, 01:34:19 PM
http://www.timesofisrael.com/university-students-in-toronto-walk-out-on-vote-to-mark-holocaust-education-week/
14  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / GOP dead in California on: December 02, 2016, 10:58:18 AM
http://www.capoliticalreview.com/capoliticalnewsandviews/greenhut-california-gops-final-death-throes/
15  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Glick: Israel's consitutional idenity crisis on: December 02, 2016, 10:44:00 AM
http://www.jpost.com/Opinion/Column-one-Israels-constitutional-identity-crisis-474225
16  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: Fascism, liberal fascism, progressivism, socialism, crony capitalism, SJW: on: December 02, 2016, 10:43:10 AM
Very helpful, I used it in a FB conversation-- thank you.
17  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / The Disgruntled on Flynn on: December 02, 2016, 10:03:43 AM
http://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/the-disruptive-career-of-trumps-national-security-adviser
18  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / How can the validity of voting by computer be verified? on: December 02, 2016, 12:37:42 AM
http://www.mcall.com/news/local/elections/mc-lehigh-vote-recanvassingrecovered-wed-nov-30-161059-2016--20161130-story.html

A FB poster comments:

"In other words: the Green Party wanted a copy of the county's election software so its computer experts could be sure the system had not been manipulated with virus-borne malware that could alter voters' intended choices." The Gr$$n party wanted a COPY OF THE SOFTWARE USED IN VOTING MACHINES?!?! Is this normal? I have been told time and time again by liberals there is no such thing as voter fraud, and now they want the software to check for evidence that doesn't exist? The democrats look more and more awesome by the day, can't wait for the bloodbath that will be their huge senate losses in 2018."

Is this a fair point? 

HOW CAN THE VALIDITY OF VOTING BY COMPUTER BE VERIFIED?
19  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / The Carrier Deal on: December 01, 2016, 07:44:27 PM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkiudbI43iQ

One of the arguments we are going to hear from the other side about the Carrier deal is that Obama did the same sort of thing with the auto industry.

Please discuss.
20  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / President George Washington and Intel on: December 01, 2016, 07:12:22 PM
http://www.hoover.org/research/eyes-ears-and-daggers

yes, Ears, And Daggers
by Thomas H. Henriksen
via Defining Ideas (Hoover Institution)
Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Editor’s note: The following essay is an excerpt from the new Hoover Press book Eyes, Ears, and Daggers:  Special Operations Forces and the CIA in America’s Ongoing Struggle against Terrorism.

Each war tells us something about the way the next war will be fought.

—Herodotus

One of the things we have seen since 9/11 is an extraordinary coming together, particularly the CIA and the military, in working together and fusing intelligence and operations in a way that just, I think, is unique in anybody’s history.

—Robert Gates 

When Nathan Hale stood on the scaffold in 1776 and uttered his immortal regret that he had only one life to give for his country, he came to embody a timeless patriot. In retrospect, Hale was also a progenitor of the soldier-spy fusion that has become so noteworthy in the early twenty-first-century conflict with jihadi terrorism. Days before his execution, the young military officer had volunteered to dress in civilian clothes, go behind enemy lines, and scout out the Red Coats’ plans at the start of the American Revolution. His fellow officers shrank from the mission out of fear of dying from an ignominious execution by hanging, rather than an ennobling death on the battlefield. The British caught and hanged the twenty-one-year-old captain from the Seventh Connecticut regiment for spying.

Captain Hale’s secret mission is significant for its present-day relevance as well as its patriotism. His intelligence gathering inside British-occupied New York City blurred the lines separating soldier and spy. It was an early version of “sheep dipping,” the contemporary practice of informal reidentification in which soldiers become spies. More than two centuries after the Yale-educated schoolteacher’s death, America’s counterterrorism campaign underwent a similar obscuring over the roles between elite warriors and intelligence officials in the antiterrorism battle. This military-intelligence overlap was not fore­ordained. Quite the contrary, the two communities—military and intelligence—were often at odds throughout their histories. Their contemporary blending, indeed, might just be a temporary realignment. A return to their traditional rivalry is not out of the question.

Both the Special Operations Forces (SOF) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) are of relatively recent formation. Their antecedents, nonetheless, stretch back further than the immediate post–World War II era, which marked the creation of both entities. Irregular armed forces have been a part of America’s military traditions from as early as the Revolutionary War up to the current battle against violent Islamist extremism in the Middle East, Africa, and other parts of the world. Spying enjoys a less-rich tradition in America’s past, although it, too, underwent a quantum leap during the Cold War.

Both communities—special warriors and intelligence officers—have served as the nation’s eyes, ears, and daggers, often in close cooperation, but occasionally at cross-purposes, as this account traces and analyzes. Yet in bureaucratic tug-of-wars, neither the Special Operations Forces nor the Central Intelligence Agency has been each other’s main antagonist. Rather, they have clashed with their closest competitor. For SOF, this has meant turf battles with the regular military forces. For the CIA, it has meant bureaucratic tussles chiefly with the State Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), not the Pentagon. The SOF-CIA partnership grew to become a highly effective weapon against jihadi terrorists bent on murdering or converting other populations to their twisted version of Islam. The September 11, 2001, terrorist attack, in fact, heralded a new era for the two secretive security arms of the U.S. government, an era that is the subject of this anatomy.

The attack on the Twin Towers shelved America’s Cold War thinking about security. By adopting an intelligence-driven, targeted counterstrike weapon against terrorists, the United States went from a Cold War Goliath to a lithe and nimble bearer of a deadly sling, thanks in no small measure to the SOF and CIA contribution. Much of the reorientation developed from the close SOF-CIA linkage, as is well known to both communities. The purpose of this narrative is to sketch very briefly the warrior-spy connection before and then more fully after the formation of the Special Operations Forces and the Central Intelligence Agency. Even a “wave-top” skimming of this complex interaction suggests that their history is notable for instances of cooperating, competing, circumventing, and even cutting each other out of the action. By revisiting and appreciating their respective histories prior to their partnering to combat Islamist terrorism, the author hopes to provide a clearer understanding of their interaction and offer lessons for the future.

Spying, Binoculars, and Telegraph Cables

Students of America’s cloak-and-dagger operations have a nodding acquaintance with espionage that dates to the country’s war of independence from Britain. Nathan Hale’s behind-the-lines spying inaugurated the fledgling nation’s quest for intelligence about its powerful foe. In another league from Hale’s snooping was a renowned spymaster, string-pulling his agents for information. George Washington not only stood first in the hearts of his countrymen but also ranked first among the Founding Fathers in his fascination with and reliance on espionage. Young Washington learned firsthand the importance of intelligence during the French and Indian War (1754–63), when he served under British general Edward Braddock, whose defeat and death at Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh) stemmed, in part, from ignorance about his enemy’s forces.

When Washington assumed command of the Continental army, he resolved to obtain intelligence about his British opponent by every means. Spies were dispatched to learn British movements and designs. Worried about English spies and American sympathizers with the Crown, he took measures to prevent them from conveying information to the British about the Continental army’s maneuvers and activities. The Continental Congress also grasped the importance of foreign intelligence. It established the Committee of Secret Correspondence, which one contemporary historian characterized as “the distant ancestor of today’s CIA.” 2 The group corresponded with American well-wishers who lived in Europe so as to gain intelligence about the European governments’ predisposition toward the American Revolution. General Washington was naturally far more interested in military information.

So while Nathan Hale won enduring fame, Washington commanded a constellation of spies who proved much more successful than the young Connecticut officer. This eyes-and-ears network also performed counterespionage, detecting the treason of Benedict Arnold—the infamous American turncoat who switched to George III’s side. General Washington also utilized agents to spread bogus information about his army’s strength and intentions. He even deceived British generals about his strategy until the trap was sprung, leading to the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown and the American defeat of Great Britain.

As the first president of the new Republic, George Washington retained his interest in things clandestine. His secret service fund, a line item in the nation’s budget, grew to nearly 12 percent, or about $1 million, by his third year in office. President Washington disbursed these monies for bribing foreign officials and even ransoming sailors held by the Barbary pirates. These predators operated out of North African city-states and preyed on American merchant ships. Despite the contemporary view of late-eighteenth-century gentility, Congress understood the necessity of covert measures; it cut the nation’s first commander-in-chief considerable slack in espionage endeavors. Congress merely required the president to certify the amounts expended but permitted him to conceal the purpose and recipients. These and related operations foreshadowed those practiced after the Central Intelligence Act of 1949.3

George Washington’s role as spymaster notwithstanding, his successors did not follow his pioneering role. If anything, they allowed the U.S. intelligence capacity to atrophy with dire consequences. America’s dismal intelligence service contributed to the lack of adequate defense for the White House, which the British burned during the War of 1812. President James Madison barely escaped the capital in advance of Britain’s capture and torching of his residence. Behind their Atlantic moat, Americans seemed oblivious to the importance of intelligence about their potential adversaries. Even during the Mexican War (1846–48), the commanding officer, General Zachary Taylor, obtained his knowledge of the Mexican army through his binoculars. His deputy, Winfield Scott, did gain approval from President James Polk to set up the Mexican Spy Company, which relied on the outlaw Manuel Dominguez and his bandit followers to hand over military intelligence about Mexican defenses. It was not the last time that U.S. presidents and their military officers paid off less-than-savory agents to spy.

The Civil War (1861–65) marked a period of mostly amateurish spying by both sides. In fact, Northern and Southern military officers and civilian officials regularly scoured each other’s newspapers to glean information about their foes. Then, as now, the press’s war coverage revealed actionable intelligence. Journalists published details on the troop strength, location, and destination of military units. This breach of security concerned both sides. Washington and Richmond tried to shut down the newspapers. Political leaders did hire spies to collect information on their enemies. Field commanders likewise set up their own intelligence operations to do reconnaissance on their adversaries and to limit knowledge of their respective forces. The history of Union and Confederate espionage, with its passions and bumbling, is ably told by Alan Axelrod in The War between the Spies. But as Axelrod acknowledged, the spies were amateurs, “usually ordinary soldiers and civilians who, on one or more occasions, did some spying.” 4 His account overflowed with assassins, conspirators, and secret service forerunners—all part of present-day intelligence and covert operations.

After the Civil War, investments in spies, espionage, and covert operators dwindled through the end of the nineteenth century. Some noteworthy departments were established, however. The Secret Service came into existence in 1865, first as an agency to investigate forgeries in the new paper currency that had appeared three years earlier. After the Secret Service uncovered a plot in 1894 to assassinate President Glover Cleveland, it assumed the mission of safeguarding the president, the vice president, and their families, as well as the integrity of the American currency. Its dual missions became permanent after the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901.

In the course of the 1880s, both the U.S. Navy and U.S. Army established intelligence departments. The Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) collected information about foreign navies that might be useful in time of war. Likewise, the Military Intelligence Division, staffed initially by one officer, gathered material on foreign armies of possible use to the War Department and the Army. For the U.S. Navy, the ONI played a pivotal role in the extraordinary naval expansion at the dawn of the twentieth century. Theodore Roosevelt, as assistant secretary of the Navy (well before his presidency), capitalized on ONI reports to push for a giant shipbuilding program that saw the Navy’s blue-water fleet mushroom in capital ships.5 As president, Roosevelt was not averse to using underhanded measures to accomplish his goals abroad.

Covert action, in fact, played a hand in the White House’s acquisition of the Panama Canal Zone. Unmistakable U.S. sympathy for the Panamanian insurrectionists encouraged them to revolt against their Colombian rulers in 1903. Next, Washington ran interference for the rebels. The Colombian commander of the offshore fleet was bribed to sail away without shelling the Panamanians. The U.S. Navy also blocked Colombia’s ships from landing reinforcements to reestablish its rule. The United States formally recognized the Republic of Panama in 1904, leased the ten-mile strip on each side of the proposed waterway, and resumed construction of the transoceanic canal, which was completed in 1914.

During World War I, U.S. intelligence efforts foiled Germany’s operations to influence American public opinion against Great Britain. German agents tried to shift U.S. sentiment toward Germany and away from Britain. Along with planting pro-German articles in American newspapers, the Kaiser’s agents blew up two large munitions factories in New Jersey. Despite Berlin’s sabotage and media manipulations, which often backfired against Germany, Washington lacked a specialized espionage department. As a defense, President Woodrow Wilson ordered the Secret Service to investigate German businessmen paying subsidies to German-American organizations. The U.S. Justice Department, moreover, linked the German embassy with subversive actions.6

The Army and Navy beefed up their military intelligence proficiency during the war. Each branch employed more than a thousand personnel by the armistice signing in 1918. A prominent innovation during the war was the first signals intelligence office, whose focus was on preventing domestic subversion. The signals intelligence specialists deciphered encrypted messages and handed over evidence to the Bureau of Investigation, the forerunner of the FBI. All the fledgling counterespionage departments were very busy because of the large number of German immigrants living within the United States.

Once at war against Imperial Germany and its allies in 1917, the Wilson administration engaged in a covert operation with Britain to persuade Russia to remain in the war after its February Revolution, which overthrew the tsar in early 1917. Washington spent modest sums of money to place pro-war newspaper articles in the Russian press. London took an even more extravagant approach by wining and dining Russian government officials. Still, Washington’s modest contribution to persuading the Russian Provisional Government to stay in the fight against the Central Powers came to naught. By mid-1917, the Russian army collapsed as a fighting force after repeated defeats at the hands of the German forces and their Austro-Hungarian allies. Moscow’s contribution to the Allied cause ended when Vladimir Lenin’s Bolsheviks tossed out the provisional government in the October Revolution. Soviet Russia’s new rulers soon broke ranks with the Allies and concluded a separate peace with Berlin in order to concentrate on consolidating their power amid the ensuing civil war, which engulfed much of the country. The capitalist West had no sway with Communist Russia. After Lenin settled for a harsh peace with the Central Powers, the Allies slugged it out with Germany, now freed from the two-front war.

As expected, the end of the war brought a hasty return to business as usual for the United States. It made severe reductions in the nation’s military and intelligence capabilities. The federal government quickly slashed funding for intelligence as well as demobilized its armed forces. Unlike other major powers, America still lacked a specialized foreign espionage organization at the close of the war. The war had recorded a temporary boost in manpower and effectiveness of army and naval intelligence, but peace scuttled that progress. Nor were the 1920s and early 1930s the propitious environments for setting up overseas spy operations. President Wilson subscribed to a brave new world of open diplomacy openly arrived at, departing from what the old powers of Europe did behind closed doors. Moreover, America looked inward as isolationist sentiments took hold among political elites and ordinary people alike. American naiveté about the outside world came into sharp relief when Henry L. Stimson (Herbert Hoover’s secretary of state and Franklin Roosevelt’s secretary of war) averred that “gentlemen don’t read each other’s mail.” 

That said, the United States did score an intelligence coup during the first year of the incoming Warren Harding administration. At the Washington Conference on the Limitations of Armaments in 1921, Americans decrypted Japanese telegraph cables from Tokyo. Knowledge of Japan’s real diplomatic bargaining position enabled Washington to stand firm on Japanese demands to exceed the 10:6 naval ratio of capital ships with the United States.8 The U.S. position prevailed. The Japanese, whose real threshold was revealed in the decoded message, accepted the lower ratio. American intelligence breakthroughs, however, were all too rare in the interwar period, as the attack on Pearl Harbor attested. But they were not unprecedented once the Pacific war started. The American proficiency in cracking the wartime Japanese codes enabled Washington to learn of Tokyo’s plans for the conquest of Midway Island. The astounding U.S. naval victory over the Imperial fleet was, in part, made possible by foreknowledge of Japan’s strategy. America’s signals intelligence came of age during the Pacific war.

Protected by two vast oceans, the United States progressed through the first 170 years of its history without a meaningful national intelligence enterprise. The American embrace of the Marquess of Queensberry rules for collecting intelligence lingered into the twentieth century before the gloves finally came off. It was World War II and the Cold War aftermath that revolutionized American attitudes.9 Before considering the extraordinary transformation that the 1941–45 war brought to American intelligence resources, however, it is appropriate to shift attention to the other pillar of the contemporary SOF-CIA alignment—the irregular warfare tradition.

Irregular Warfare as an American Tradition

Unlike spying, America’s irregular warfare tradition enjoys a deeper cultural heritage. Its lineage stretches back to at least the French and Indian War, when regular soldiers embraced the tactics of Native American warriors. Rather than following the parade-ground drills of troops marching into battle, the Native American tribesmen resorted to ambushes, small-unit attacks, and firing from behind trees to catch their adversaries off guard. Both French and American soldiers observed, adopted, and put into practice this hit-and-run warfare.

When the American Revolution broke out, the colonists relied on different tactics. George Washington fought a largely con­ventional conflict along European lines. But as every schoolchild knows, other American forces fired from behind cover as they fell back when confronted with superior Red Coat formations. Some legendary local commanders emerged. Francis Marion, the “Swamp Fox,” disrupted British control of the Carolinas with surprise attacks and unexpected maneuvers. Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys kept the Red Coats off balance with hit-and-run assaults in New England. These unconventional leaders waged an insurgency against an army of occupation that demanded loyalty to the Crown and payment to George III’s treasury.

Decades later, the American Civil War witnessed a host of irregular warfare practitioners on both sides of the four-year conflict. These fighters operated behind the lines of the conventional infantry and cavalry forces. The renegades raided, disrupted governance, and tied down disproportionate numbers of regular forces who strove to kill or capture their tormentors. John Mosby and his Mosby’s Rangers, as well as Nathan Bedford Forrest and his raiders, carved out bloody reputations as effective tacticians of guerrilla warfare in the cause of the Confederate States. From the Union’s regular army came such scorched-earth commanders as Philip Sheridan, who pillaged and burned the Shenandoah Valley, and William Tecumseh Sherman, who laid waste to the Deep South in his infamous March to the Sea.

After the Civil War, the U.S. Army turned its attention back toward the untamed forests and plains in the West to secure a continental passage to California. Irregular-fighting tactics played a prominent role in the westward conquest of the American continent until near the end of the nineteenth century. Conflicts raged against the indigenous inhabitants as land-seeking settlers streamed from the Eastern Seaboard to the interior plains. Most engagements were small-unit actions in which the U.S. Army borrowed American Indian tactics of stealth, surprise, and ambush. Not all the engagements ended in a U.S. victory. General George Custer’s defeat at the Little Bighorn, a loss born of hubris, poor planning, and tactical errors, has served as a cautionary lesson for students of war ever since 1876.

The conclusion of the so-called Indian Wars marked the eclipse of the irregular-fighting capacity among U.S. military forces for nearly a quarter of a century. The American traditions of frontier warfare and inherent Yankee ingenuity, however, are traits that must not be dismissed without brief reference. These frontier soldiers possessed the qualities of stealth, surprise, and self-reliance that later generations of Special Operations Forces would draw on and incorporate into the present-day antiterrorism campaign and counterinsurgency operations.

Not until the Spanish-American War would U.S. ground forces wage a modern-day counterinsurgency against guerrillas. The Philippine War (1899–1902) found the United States on the receiving end of an insurgency fought by a determined band of Filipinos for the right of independence against colonial-type rule from Washington. Ultimately, the United States prevailed in its counterinsurgency campaign by a mixture of innovative techniques and military competency.10 Afterward, the U.S. military occupied Haiti in an operation that turned into an early version of nation building on the impoverished island. The Marine Corps soon found itself embroiled in a string of small conflicts in Cuba, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic. Marines wrote of their experiences in the “Banana Wars” in a series of articles, which were distilled into their encyclopedic Small Wars Manual in 1940, a classic handbook for security operations in underdeveloped lands.

The lessons learned from the Philippines and Caribbean interventions were overshadowed by the mammoth conventional world wars of the twentieth century. World War I’s trench warfare swept away the lingering familiarity with irregular fighting. Counterinsurgency proficiency no longer seemed relevant with the introduction of biplanes, tanks, and massed infantry charges across no-man’s-lands in the teeth of machine gun fire. The toll in lives was so steep that the war did seem to be a harbinger of lasting peace. After all, the war had been fought to end wars. Immediately following World War I, the United States demobilized its land forces and looked inward to the Roaring Twenties and then the Great Depression. In a short time, though, hypernationalism, rampant militarism, and wicked ideologies stalked the European and Asian landscapes, drawing America into a second world conflagration. This time, however, the events during World War II prompted some American leaders to turn to irregular warfare tactics.
21  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / California regulates cow farts on: December 01, 2016, 07:02:55 PM
http://rare.us/story/california-decides-to-regulate-cow-farts-in-order-to-fight-global-warming/

How did we ever survive the buffalo?
22  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Representative Keith Ellison: Eh tu CNN? on: December 01, 2016, 07:00:33 PM
http://www.cnn.com/2016/12/01/politics/kfile-keith-ellison-nation-of-islam/index.html
23  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Has ADL been lurking on our forum? on: December 01, 2016, 06:52:46 PM
second post

IPT Story Prompts ADL to Retract Ellison DNC Endorsement
by IPT News  •  Dec 1, 2016 at 4:21 pm
http://www.investigativeproject.org/5712/ipt-story-prompts-adl-to-retract-ellison-dnc

 
U.S. Rep. Keith Ellison's 2010 comments about Israeli political influence, first reported Tuesday by the Investigative Project on Terrorism, are "deeply disturbing and disqualifying" to his bid to become head of the Democratic National Committee, the Anti-Defamation League announced in a statement Thursday afternoon.

In remarks given at a private fundraiser, Ellison, D-Minn. implied Israel enjoyed disproportionate and inappropriate control over U.S. foreign policy. The IPT obtained a recording of those comments:
 
"The United States foreign policy in the Middle East is governed by what is good or bad through a country of 7 million people. A region of 350 million all turns on a country of 7 million. Does that make sense? Is that logic? Right? When the Americans who trace their roots back to those 350 million get involved, everything changes. Can I say that again?"

In Thursday's statement, ADL chief executive Jonathan Greenblatt said Ellison's comments expose a belief that American policy is driven not by the country's best interests, but by "religiously or national origin-based special interests ... Additionally, whether intentional or not, his words raise the specter of age-old stereotypes about Jewish control of our government, a poisonous myth that may persist in parts of the world where intolerance thrives, but that has no place in open societies like the U.S."

Greenblatt defended Ellison last week against criticism of his past association with the Nation of Islam and his close relationships with Islamist groups like the Muslim American Society (MAS) and the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), both of which were created by members of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Ellison "long ago ... disassociated himself from the [Nation of Islam] and apologized for its anti-Semitism," Greenblatt wrote. And, "we have seen no concrete evidence of any link between Ellison and the Brotherhood."

"He has been outspoken about anti-Semitism and other forms of bigotry in his role as a congressman. Local Jewish leadership in his district speaks highly of him," Greenblatt wrote.

But the 2010 comments exposed by the IPT changed all that. Bipartisan support for Israel, "our most important ally in the region, a democracy whose emphasis on equality and commitment to the rule of law stands in stark contrast to the anarchy and authoritarian regimes that prevail in much of the Middle East" is vital, Thursday's statement said. The next head of the Democratic Party should "have fidelity to these timeless ideals at all times."
The DNC is expected to choose its next leader in early 2017.
24  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Zombie Hillary on: December 01, 2016, 06:50:56 PM
http://www.westernjournalism.com/clinton-campaign-seeks-volunteers-help-voter-recount-effort/?utm_source=Email&utm_medium=PostUp&utm_campaign=WJDailyEmail&utm_content=2016-12-01
25  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: The Trump Transition/Administration on: December 01, 2016, 06:45:33 PM
Third post

Mad Dog for Sec Def!!!
26  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Representative Keith Ellison in Saudi Arabia on: December 01, 2016, 06:42:50 PM
http://freebeacon.com/issues/keith-ellisons-saudi-arabia-trip-included-meetings-radical-cleric-bank-funds-suicide-bombings/
27  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Not so minor on: December 01, 2016, 03:23:28 PM
http://www.mrctv.org/blog/23-aliens-admitted-under-obamas-minor-program-are-adults
28  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: The Trump Transition/Administration on: December 01, 2016, 03:22:02 PM
second post

http://www.hannity.com/articles/hanpr-election-493995/two-familiar-faces-join-presidentelect-trumps-15350563/
29  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: The Trump Transition/Administration on: December 01, 2016, 03:17:19 PM
Romney would be a big mistake IMO.  Such a choice would badly damage Trump's brand and his loyalty could never be trusted-- he is an alpha wannabe and of a temperament that would find it hard not to stab Trump in the back , , , for the good of the country of course.

PS:  Newt ripped him a new anus last night (on Hannity?).  I don't have the quote handy, but quite the the zinger!

Not only has Petraeus shown absolutely extraordinary diplomatic skills in putting together the Surge (e.g. the Anbar Awakening) in Iraq and also in Afpakia.  Also he has a PhD from Princeton in International Relations.  His time at CIA adds to his depth.  A true warrior-scholar.  Trump appears to want Matthis as Sec Def, so for once there would be mutual respect between State and Defense!

As for his security blemish, let's review the facts as I remember them:  It was hard copy-- no risk of hacking.  The recipient, who was , , , ahem , , , particularly well known to him, , , had Secret clearance, just not Top Secret clearance.  There was ZERO corruption.

Caught a snippet of Bolton today and he was speaking in terms of carrying out the President's policies (i.e. not his).
30  DBMA Espanol / Espanol Discussion / Aparezco en la Revista Budo on: December 01, 2016, 02:59:10 PM
https://issuu.com/budoweb/docs/revista_artes_marciales_cinturon_ne_3025709f62455c/6

https://issuu.com/budoweb/docs/revista_artes_marciales_cinturon_ne_3025709f62455c/140

https://issuu.com/budoweb/docs/rivista_arti_marziali_cintura_nera__f8bb408276a260/118
31  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: US Economics, the stock market , and other investment/savings strategies on: December 01, 2016, 01:32:59 PM
"He will finally get the recovery he has been predicting the last years. It must be very exciting for him!"

And we will be very glad the apocalypse we have been predicting the last 8 years has not come to be.  evil
32  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: Politics at the State & Municipal level on: December 01, 2016, 01:31:10 PM
 shocked
33  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: The Trump Transition/Administration on: December 01, 2016, 01:30:30 PM
I am glad that Rand Paul is back in the Senate.  His perspective is an important part of our overall mix, but , , , I would be quite happy with Petraeus as Sec. State.


FP is very much a Democrat publication, and the whining of the cookie pushers at Foggy Bottom in the article impresses me not a bit. 
34  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: Media, Ministry of Truth Issues on: December 01, 2016, 01:26:01 PM
No worries, just being my usual Thread Nazi self  cheesy  Take it as a compliment.  It means I want the post to be findable down the road.
 grin
35  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Bret Baier: Ike and JFK on: December 01, 2016, 01:24:58 PM
http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2016/11/30/bret-baier-new-path-for-us-and-cuba-what-ike-and-jfk-might-tell-president-elect-trump.html
36  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Sign Up now! on: December 01, 2016, 01:14:57 PM
http://dogbrothersgear.com/Personal-Training-Seminars-Camps/2017-dbma-winter-camp-with-punong-guro-marc-crafty-dog-denny-january-21-22-2017.html
37  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / AATF: Medical Marijuana Card holders may not own guns on: November 30, 2016, 08:50:15 PM
http://www.tacticalshit.com/atf-clarifies-whether-marijuana-users-can-by-guns/
38  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: Media, Ministry of Truth Issues on: November 30, 2016, 08:24:41 PM
Wrong thread.

This belongs Legal Issues, Homeland Security and Freedom, Intel, Legal Issues, or the Sovereignty thread.
39  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Group calls for beheading Egypt's Al Sisi on: November 30, 2016, 08:22:28 PM
Brooklyn Imam Linked to Qaradawi Group Calls for Sisi's Head
by John Rossomando  •  Nov 30, 2016 at 6:15 pm
http://www.investigativeproject.org/5710/brooklyn-imam-linked-to-qaradawi-group-calls-for


A Brooklyn imam issued what appeared to be a call to behead Egyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi last Wednesday at an event sponsored by the pro-Muslim Brotherhood group Egyptian Americans for Freedom and Justice (EAFJ).

Sisi has led Egypt since a July 2013 coup toppled the Muslim Brotherhood government led by then-President Mohamed Morsi. Brotherhood supporters in the United States have condemned the move, which was prompted by massive street protests against Morsi's rule. They demand his reinstatement.
"
  • nce people pledge allegiance to a Muslim ruler, it is forbidden to struggle against him and remove him, and if anyone removes him, he should be beheaded," Islamic Society of Bay Ridge imam Sheikh Mohamed Elbar told the EAFJ gathering in Arabic. "Do you know who ought to be beheaded? Who should be stricken with the sword or hanged or detained? He who came to fight, and not the legitimate president [Morsi]."

The Investigative Project on Terrorism obtained a recording of the event, held at the Muslim American Society (MAS) Center in Brooklyn.

Elbar belongs to the International Union of Muslim Scholars, headed by radical Muslim Brotherhood cleric Sheikh Yusuf Qaradawi.

Qaradawi issued a similar threat against Sisi on Al-Jazeera shortly after the 2013 coup: "f he, who has disobeyed the ruler, does not repent, then he must be killed. There is a legitimate ruler (in reference to Morsi) and people must obey and listen to him."

Elbar's mosque has a long track record of extremism dating back to the 1990s. "Brooklyn Bridge Shooter" Rashid Baz, killed Hasidic student Ari Halberstam in 1994 after hearing a sermon at the mosque calling for revenge on Jews for an incident in Hebron.

Meanwhile, this is not the first time EAFJ was connected to threats of violence against Egypt's military leaders.

In February 2015, EAFJ board members Hani Elkadi and Mahmoud El-Sharkawy, who appeared alongside Elbar and Sharaby at last week's event, each posted a communiqué from the Popular Resistance Movement (PRM) which has launched attacks against Egyptian police and other targets.

It features an image of a blood-red map of Egypt with a fist superimposed over it. It claims responsibility for targeting two police cars. "God, martyrs, Revolution," it said.

PRM claimed joint responsibility with ISIS's Sinai Province for an attack near Cairo that left eight police officers dead last May.
 
40  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Re: Steven Seagal on: November 30, 2016, 08:14:53 PM
I see that SS is now a Russian citizen.

WTF?
41  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Tablet magazine goes after Ellison, defends Trump/Bannon on: November 30, 2016, 01:30:34 PM
http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2016/11/30/ellison-schumer-bannon-jewish-nevertrump-site-defends-trump/
42  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Grannis: Closing the Obama Gap on: November 30, 2016, 01:28:53 PM
http://scottgrannis.blogspot.com/2016/11/closing-obama-gap.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+blogspot%2FtMBeq+%28Calafia+Beach+Pundit%29
43  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Obama's legacy on: November 30, 2016, 10:48:30 AM
http://thefederalistpapers.org/us/obamas-real-legacy-summed-up-by-9-brutal-charts?utm_source=FBLC&utm_medium=FB&utm_campaign=LC
44  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: The Trump Transition/Administration on: November 29, 2016, 11:53:32 PM
Only on condition that it is , , , platonic.
45  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Donald Trump and the thirteen stripes on our flag on: November 29, 2016, 06:28:49 PM
http://www.rightwingwatch.org/post/flag-crusader-donald-trump-doesnt-know-what-the-13-stripes-represent/
46  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Castros' atrocities on: November 29, 2016, 06:20:40 PM
Haven't read this yet, posting it for reference:
http://www.faithwire.com/2016/11/28/heres-a-handy-list-of-atrocities-for-everyone-glorifying-fidel-castro-today/
47  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: Donald Trump on: November 29, 2016, 04:14:05 PM
Is this the guy who would like to see and end to the Fed someday?  Didn't Steve Bannon come from GS?
48  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / 911's mastermind in his own words on: November 28, 2016, 08:09:08 PM


https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-horrifying-look-into-the-mind-of-911s-mastermind-in-his-own-words/2016/11/28/bf5827a8-b575-11e6-b8df-600bd9d38a02_story.html?utm_term=.f3845b3ea59f
49  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Prager: Merry Christmas! on: November 28, 2016, 07:20:43 PM
https://www.prageru.com/courses/political-science/just-say-merry-christmas
50  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Umberto Eco: 14 Common Features of Fascism on: November 28, 2016, 03:58:46 PM
http://www.openculture.com/2016/11/umberto-eco-makes-a-list-of-the-14-common-features-of-fascism.html
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