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1  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Cebuano Eskrima by Ned Nepangue and Celestino Macachor on: September 12, 2007, 03:24:06 PM
Has anyone read this book, Cebuano Eskrima: Beyond the Myth?
It is suppose to be a continuation of this very thread.
There are some pages available on http://books.google.com/
I wanted to hear from anyone who has read it before buying it on Amazon.

2  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Re: Kali - Means to Scrape on: September 14, 2006, 04:48:37 AM
I agree, I got mine at the Filipino Festival as well and have enjoyed every minute of it!!! Now I completely understand the quote from the Godfather regarding SLEEPING WITH THE FISHES!!! (some scary stuff!!!)  wink
3  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Kali Means to Scrape on: September 12, 2006, 05:16:58 PM
There's been even more confussion to the term Kali to mean Scrape.  According to every Tagalog-English dictionary I've looked into,

Kali does mean to Scrape, but specifically it means to Scrape the Scales of Fishes.  Hope that clears it up somewhat. wink
4  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Re: "The 15th Annual Festival of Philippine Arts & Culture" on: September 04, 2006, 10:47:38 AM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1D-MuOdQ38



http://vconline.org/pinoyvisions06/index.html
5  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Re: "The 15th Annual Festival of Philippine Arts & Culture" on: September 03, 2006, 05:09:16 AM

6  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / "The 15th Annual Festival of Philippine Arts & Culture" on: September 01, 2006, 02:24:55 PM
http://www.myspace.com/festivalofphilippinearts



http://www.filamarts.org/

FilAm ARTS traces its roots to the production of the Annual Festival of Philippine Arts & Culture (FPAC) first conceptualized in 1990 as part of the City of Los Angeles Cultural Affairs Departments Festivals Program, an arts program designed to address the multicultural constituency of the city.


Organized by about 100 artists and community leaders, the first FPAC took place at Los Angeles City College on Mothers Day, May 14, 1992, where 3,000 participants braved the aftermath of the L.A. riots that occurred the week before. Since then, FPAC has only grown stronger and bigger, moving to Cabrillo Beach in 1994, then finally to its current location, Pt. Fermin Park, in the historic district of San Pedro in 2001.

Today, FPAC is the largest presenter of Philippine arts and culture in Southern California presenting over 1200 artists in 9 disciplines and attracting over 20,000 audience members from all over the country. Yet, after 15 years, FPAC is still a grassroots and community-led effort,produced by a core group of 50 volunteer professionals, in collaboration with 50 community-based and civic organizations, and involving over 300 volunteers.

Dates:

Saturday, September 9th and Sunday, September 10th, 2006

Time:

10 am 6 pm Price: $3 @ door per day, $5 Two-Day pre-sale Pass

Location:

Point Fermin Park, 607 W. Paseo Del Mar, San Pedro, CA 90731

Mission:

As a community arts program, the 15th Annual Festival of Philippine Arts and Culture partners with the artists, community organizations, businesses and individuals to build community by engaging people of diverse backgrounds through the production and presentation of multidisciplinary artistic and cultural expressions.

Seen as a common ground for our multi-tribal, multi-generational and multilingual community, the community-organized Festival provides unique programming focusing on families, youth and seniors.

Not only a gateway of cultural exploration for Filipino Americans, the festival is also an opportunity for non-Filipinos to experience more complex explorations of Filipino culture within the multicultural landscape of Los Angeles. This in turn allows non-Filipinos to learn, experience, better understand, and ultimately build respect for our multi-faceted Filipino culture.
7  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities / Politics & Religion / Re: Invitation to dialog to Muslims on: August 14, 2006, 07:38:36 PM
http://www.myspace.com/city_of_los_angeles

1. the U.S. has the only military in the world that can reach out and touch someone.

2. there are many authoritarian regimes in the world, who kill/abuse/torture the people under them.

3. the U.S. is responsible for putting many of those regimes in power (i.e. Saddam, Mubarak, the Saudi family, a few dictators in Asia, and a few more in Africa, and some in South America).

4. when we let those regimes continue to oppress their people, these people get pissed off (either because they know it's the U.S. that's supporting their dick-tators, or because the U.S. won't do anything to help them).

* Zarqawi was from Jordan, Zawahiri is from Egypt, and bin Laden from Saudi Arabia, all countries the U.S. supports, all are authoritarian (actually Jordan is less so nowadays)

5. when the U.S. takes a "we don't wanna do anything cuz it's not in our best interest" stance, or "we don't wanna impose our own culture~if they wanna beat up their wives and teach their kids only the Quran, it's fine with us" stance, this policy as we saw first hand on sept the 11th, blew back in our face.

6. the U.S. is the only military in the world capable of doing the greatest GOOD (caveat: without re-training/vision, probably the greatest EVIL).? the U.S. military along w/ diplomats, students, volunteers, the media, etc. now have the responsibility to bring the FREE flow of everything (goods, ideas, education, people, etc. etc.) to EVERYONE else.

you are right, the U.S. has been misrepresented in the world by soul-less corporations whose only purpose is profit, by sex tourists, pedophiles who fly all the way to countries like the philippines/cambodia to feast, by hollywood, by the porn industry, by all the apathy and meaningless-ness shown in MTV,

but we all know America has so much more purpose, and now DUTY...

what to do?

* re-train the military, so that every soldier starts thinking more like a police officer (i.e. fairness, knowledge of culture, be able to balance violence and compassion, diplomacy, information gathering w/ in the constitutional framework~consensual, resonable suspicion, probable cause, etc.)

* start teaching anthropology and languages from elementary to college (the more languages a person speaks the more cultures, and with that understanding)

* increase funding for study abroad programs (to off set the global misrepresentation of Americans, to show the world that we are not just a bunch of drunken monolingual idiot sex tourists hell bent on putting a McDonalds or Starbucks at every street corner, FUCK corporations!)

* start regulating corporations, so they don't just suck all the resources of poor countries just to be wasted here in the west (becuz this PISSES alot of people too, especially me)

* increase funding for the Peace Corps, Americorps, USAID, etc. since these are the only gov't entities that seem to understand the bigger picture at hand

* lastly, get everyone to start smoking pot, the U.S. gov't was once responsible for growing the best pot in the world, when they were experimenting with pot as healing/pain killing agents awhile back, they stopped that program around the same time Reagan declared wars on Drugs...

*********************************************************

hizballah kidnaps and kills a couple of israelis, the state of israel responds with fire and brimstone.? hizb has been stockpiling weapons in southern lebanon since israel pulled out of that area.? the new lebanese gov't for the past couple of years has been urging hizb members to join the lebanese military (every faction in lebanon from the maronites to the druzis have their own armies, the end game was to consolidate arms under a 'lebanese' military).? the state dept has always been uneasy of hizballah's arsenals.? hizballah needed to be castrated, period.? the u.s. gave the green light, and israel got to play.

what everyone is forgetting though, is the bigger war: the war on terror (or the war against muslim fundamentalism).? the bigger war is to win the hearts and minds of the moderate muslims, eastern christians, and other minorities in the middle east.? although, the disarming of hizballah (and the 'democratization' of iraq for that matter) seems to make sense, we are losing focus of the end goal.? instead of seeing the benefits of western modernity, the people in the mid east are seeing only destruction (dismembered little girls, rape, etc.).

hizballah is shiite and represents a form of islamic fundamentalism.? the other form is salafi islam, which is sunni.? there were only 2 islamic nations, nations which practiced the shari'a or islamic law, iran/shiite and afghanistan/salafi under mawdudi (keep in mind saudi arabia is a kingdom, egypt/syria/iraq are secular dictatorships).? in retrospect, we should've just stayed in afghanistan and made an example of that country.? put a 7-eleven and starbucks at every corner, open up stipjoints, introduce in-door plumming, the bikini, brazilian wax, and made it our 51st state.?

instead, the u.s. went for saddam's regime which would have made a great ally, since it was secular and hated the fundamentalists as much as we did.? now, iraq will become part of iran.? syria is another example of another potential ally.? when asad, an alawi, took power in the 70s he formed a faction (his power base) of syria's minorities, i.e. christians, druzis, alawis, assyrians, and shiites.? syria is close to iran because of how asad treated the shiite minority in syria (a diplomatic move).? the current regime in syria can just as easily turn its back on iran, if given the right incentives.

bashir al-asad, president asad's opthalmologist son from england, seemed now more than ever a likely ally.? he is westernized, secular (eastern christians, from assyrians to armenians to greek orthodox enjoy the greatest freedoms in only 3 countries in the middle east, syria, lebanon, and israel). syria shares our aversion with islamic fundamentalism (hama in the early 1980s is a great example).? but, without our backing syria will fall to the islam re-interpreted by savage idiots (the muslim brotherhood is fast gaining strength in egypt, iraq will fall to iran).?

we are losing the people we need so much to win over, because they are seeing their women and children killed on tv.

8  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Filipinos outside of the Philippines on: April 23, 2006, 01:53:47 PM
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/la-fg-remit20apr20,0,5895146,full.story

The Overseas Class

Millions working abroad help their nation get by, but not prosper. It's a life of lonely, risky sacrifice.

By Richard C. Paddock, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer
April 20, 2006

They nurse the sick in California, drive fuel trucks in Iraq, sail cargo ships through the Panama Canal and cruise ships through the Gulf of Alaska. They pour sake for Japanese salarymen and raise the children of Saudi businessmen.

They are the Philippines' most successful export: its workers.

Three decades ago, seeking sources of hard currency and an outlet for a fast-growing population, then-President Ferdinand Marcos encouraged Filipinos to find jobs in other countries. Over time, the overseas worker has become a pillar of the economy. Nine million Filipinos, more than one out of every 10, are working abroad. Every day, more than 3,100 leave the country.

Philippine workers sent home more than $10.7 billion last year, equal to about 12% of the gross domestic product.

The current president, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, calls them "the backbone of the new global workforce" and "our greatest export."

Worldwide, these workers have earned a reputation for enterprise and hard work. They include some of the Philippines' most talented people, well educated and multilingual.

But as a third generation leaves to work abroad, it is clear the system has not led to prosperity. Policymakers have focused on easing the flow of workers rather than harnessing their earnings for economic development.

Dependence on the export of people has become a formula for stagnation. Once one of the strongest in Asia, the Philippine economy now ranks near the bottom. The government invests little money in manufacturing, education or healthcare. The economy can't create even the 1.5 million jobs a year needed to keep up with population growth.

"We have a middle class, but they don't live in the Philippines," said Doris Magsaysay Ho, head of a company that dispatches 18,000 workers a year to serve on ships around the world.

Filipinos work in every country except North Korea, said Labor Secretary Patricia Santo Tomas, whose brother is a doctor in Orange County. More than 2.5 million work in the United States and nearly a million in Saudi Arabia.

The money they earn trickles into towns and villages, helping build houses, open restaurants and send children to school. But the absence of so many industrious and skilled people ? mothers and fathers, engineers and entrepreneurs ? exacts a heavy toll.

Across the Philippines, children are being raised by their grandparents. "Now children can buy a lot of computer games, but they don't have a mother or father, or both," Santo Tomas said.

For the sake of supporting their families, the overseas workers endure years of loneliness. Some, especially maids in the Middle East, suffer beatings and sexual abuse. In countries such as Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, they are jailed for running away. Yet the Philippines has grown so dependent on remittances that the thought of doing without them is frightening.

"Money from abroad is the only thing that keeps the economy in motion," said Ding Lichauco, former head of the country's economic planning office. "If you don't encourage the employees to go overseas, you will have revolution."



Providing sailors, maids, entertainers and other workers for a growing world market is a big business.

In this competitive arena, the Philippines has an advantage. Many Filipinos speak English. They are generally better educated than workers from countries such as Bangladesh, Sri Lanka or Indonesia. And they have a reputation for being good-natured.

An entire bureaucracy has been created around them. The Philippine Overseas Employment Administration helps find jobs in other countries, encourages workers to go abroad and processes some job applications.

The Technical Education and Skills Development Agency offers free training in welding, driving heavy trucks and other skills. The Overseas Workers Welfare Administration stations diplomats around the world to look after the Philippines' foreign workers.

Those who bring or send their earnings home pay no income taxes. And the government offers returning workers low-cost equipment and tools to help them start small businesses.

With that level of encouragement, an industry has developed to match workers and jobs.

There are more than 1,500 licensed recruiting agencies. Some provide training ? six months for dancers, four months for seafarers, two weeks for housekeepers ? in return for a cut of the worker's earnings.

A cook on a cargo ship can make more than Arroyo's official salary of $1,000 a month. A bar singer in Japan can earn more than a Philippine senator. But the fees can run into the thousands of dollars; the better the job, the greater the cost.

Dozens of agencies in Manila's Ermita district attract job seekers from all over the country. Applicants line up on the streets, luggage in hand, ready to go anywhere.

Notaries sit at small wooden desks on the sidewalk. Using manual typewriters, they help workers fill out the 14 documents they are required to submit. Large copy machines on the sidewalk crank out duplicates.

Laboratories conduct blood, tuberculosis and drug tests to certify the workers' health. Nearby are cellphone shops, money changers, cheap hotels and restaurants.

Many Arab countries, with their vast oil wealth and relatively small populations, are hungry for workers.

The CDK International Manpower Services posted notices in its window seeking domestic workers and midwives in the Middle East, a gift wrapper in Dubai and a "magician balloon decorator" elsewhere in the United Arab Emirates. The agency was also recruiting workers for Burger King and Starbucks outlets in the Middle East. ("Must have fashion for coffee," the ad for Starbucks said.)

Another company operating in the Middle East wanted diesel mechanics, flower arrangers, structural engineers, wedding card designers, massage therapists, website designers, accountants and nannies.

In another neighborhood, three blocks from the U.S. Embassy, a crowded sidewalk serves as an informal hiring hall for sailors. The Philippines produces nearly 25% of the world's seafaring workers, more than any other nation.

Hundreds of would-be sailors were hanging around in the shade of the leafy narra trees as agents wandered by, holding up signs offering jobs on ships sailing from Germany, Argentina, Los Angeles or Greece. Some sought engineers and first mates for cargo ships. Others needed chefs and waiters for cruises.

A salesman offered small vials of python oil, guaranteed to cure back pain, heart disease, joint dislocation, rheumatism, cough, arthritis and skin disease.

Merchants offered CDs providing instruction on how to moor a ship, plan a voyage, speak "maritime English" and handle hazardous materials.

Freddie Vicedo spent three decades at sea, earning enough to build a house 20 miles south of Manila and send his children to school. Now past the mandatory retirement age of 50, he was seeking one last job.

"It's OK to be away if it provides you with a home and a future," he said. "It's better than living all together in poverty."



The teeming neighborhood of Antipolo in central Manila is one of the city's poorest. Thousands of families live along the railroad tracks in shanties of scrap wood and metal built one on top of the other, three stories high. Families sleep seven or eight to a room and cook over open fires between the tracks. Every month or so, someone is hit by a train.

Children play in garbage. Old women play mah-jongg on a rickety table. A woman patiently picks lice from a girl's hair.

It is not uncommon for families to hold a wake in the middle of the sweltering streets, as Danilo Paredes did for his 18-year-old daughter, Raquel. Lying in an open coffin placed on a table, she looked small for her age, but at peace amid the chaos. Paredes said he didn't know what killed her, only that he didn't have the $25 for the medicine the doctor prescribed.

Residents look for any way out.

"I hate this place," said Mary Grace Libao, 13. She and her friend, Clarivel de los Santos, also 13, said they wanted to be singers in Japan.

"In Japan I will make enough money to buy a house for my family," Clarivel said.

Thousands of Philippine musicians and singers perform at resorts and hotels from Bali, Indonesia; to Phuket, Thailand; to Tokyo. Many young women who go abroad as entertainers end up working in the sex trade.

All over Japan, salarymen come to Philippine pubs to escape the tedium and stress of their jobs. They drink sake and sing karaoke with "japayuki," beautiful, scantily clad young women.

In Osaka, the Philippine clubs are concentrated in the crowded Dotonburi district. Many are controlled by Japanese organized crime. Customers spend as much as $500 an evening in one of the better establishments.

Large clubs typically stage a brief show in which the women sing a few songs and dance. The rest of the time, they flirt with the customers, pouring sake, feeding them and lighting their cigarettes. They can make more in tips in an evening than they could working for a month as a salesclerk back home. They can make even more if they agree to have sex.

"The customers make offers," said Estrella Pumar, 31, who was heading from Manila to Osaka for her second tour. "It's up to the girls to decide what kind of life to live."

The women live six or seven to a room provided by their employers. If they are lucky, they get a day off every two weeks. Many aspire to marry a Japanese man and secure a residency permit. Having a child in Japan ensures residency status after a divorce, which is how 80% of these marriages end.

Wendy, 37, followed her mother to Japan in the 1990s. A brother and sister moved to Los Angeles. She spent 10 years working in pubs before marrying a Japanese man, having a son and opening her own club in Osaka, the Twin Angels.

"It's better to be here than in the Philippines," said Wendy, who declined to give her full name. But someday she'd like to return home and perhaps open a McDonald's. In the meantime, she said, "we have to survive."



The wards are overflowing at Negros Oriental Provincial Hospital, and dozens of patients lie on cots in the corridors. Some have just given birth. Others have just had surgery. Some will die in the hallway.

The hospital in Dumaguete, about 400 miles south of Manila, was built for 250 patients but usually has more than 350. Newborns stay in the same bed as their mothers; some have suffocated when their mothers rolled over in their sleep.

Patients who come here have no choice. It's the only hospital in the region they can afford. But for the doctors there is a way out: Study nursing and leave for the United States or Europe, where qualified nurses are in short supply.

Medical regulations in the U.S. and European countries typically make it very difficult for foreign doctors to work there as physicians. But nurses are in such demand that some recruiters offer bonuses of $15,000, the equivalent of three years' pay for a doctor in Dumaguete.

Of 207 doctors in Negros Oriental province, 79 have become nurses and more than 30 are in nursing school. This hospital is supposed to have 72 doctors, but only 43 remain. The Dumaguete district has closed two of its six rural hospitals and may soon have to close a third, said Dr. Ely Villapando, the province's chief health officer.

"We are worried sick about medical doctors taking up nursing and leaving," said Villapando, 63, who also runs the hospital. "We are losing the most skilled doctors. This is a crisis in healthcare."

An aid agency gave the hospital new cardiology equipment, but it sits unused. The hospital's only cardiologist left to become an emergency-room nurse in Chicago. What she earned in a month here, she can now make before lunch.

Here, patients are so poor that some pay in produce or livestock. X-rays cost a chicken. A bunch of bananas covers consultation. Delivering a baby costs one goat.

Villapando makes the equivalent of $437 a month. Two of his children have become nurses in the United States, one in Bakersfield and one in Texas. They send him money.

"My son already has a house of his own," he said. "He has two cars. My daughter is building a house and has two cars. They could not hope to achieve that here."

To become nurses, the doctors attend classes on weekends for a year and spend 2,200 hours as volunteer nurses at the hospital. Sometimes they do both jobs the same day.

"Some of the patients get confused," said Dr. Joyce Maningo, an internist studying to be a nurse. "They say, 'Weren't you a doctor this morning?' "

An ophthalmologist with her own practice, Dr. Eileen Marie Macia is near the top of her profession. Her father was a surgeon and a congressman. He was instrumental in building a new wing of the Dumaguete hospital. But she, too, is giving up. She is in nursing school and weighing whether it would be better to live in Tennessee or Los Angeles.

"If I go to the States, I will have to forget I am a doctor," she said as she made her nursing rounds. "I love the Philippines, but it will always be a Third World country."



Runaway maids arrive at the Philippine Embassy in Kuwait desperate, bruised, hungry and penniless. They slip out of their employers' homes in the dead of night through a window, over a wall or by walking out a door accidentally left unlocked.

They break the law simply by leaving without permission.

Some spend more than a year in the embassy compound, waiting for their passports, back pay or the resolution of their legal cases. If they step outside, they can be arrested.

At times, more than 500 women live at the offices of the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration next to the embassy. The building gets so crowded that the women cannot all lie down to sleep at the same time.

"It's like a prison," said Annabelle Abing, who lived there for three months.

More than 750,000 Philippine maids work in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other Middle Eastern countries, where they often face legalized discrimination, beatings and sexual abuse.

The women frequently live in isolation, forbidden even to telephone their families. If they file a legal claim against their employer, they can be deported or imprisoned on trumped-up charges.

"They are treated like modern slaves," said Maita Santiago, secretary-general of Migrante International, a rights group for Philippine workers. "When workers are in distress, the government doesn't stand up for their rights for fear of the markets of foreign countries closing to Filipino workers."

Perhaps the toughest country for domestic workers is Saudi Arabia.

Sheila Marie Macatiag, 28, was earning $12 a month at a car stereo factory in the Philippines when she decided to take a job in Saudi Arabia to support her parents and six younger siblings.

Macatiag said she was forced to work from 5 a.m. to midnight, verbally abused for the smallest mistake and never given enough to eat. During her first six months, her employers paid her a total of $200; she had paid $300 to an employment agency in the Philippines to get the job.

Fed up, she ran away to the employment agency's local office. But by the time she got there, her employers had already complained that she had stolen money and watches from their vault. Police came and arrested her.

Despite the absence of evidence or witnesses, she spent 13 months in jail, Macatiag said.

"They told me they were going to cut off my hand or I would be sentenced to 108 years or I would die in prison," she said. "Even during trial they told me my hand would be cut off unless I admitted to the allegations."

She maintained that she was innocent, but a Saudi court convicted her and she received five lashes on the hand with a cane. She has returned to the Philippines but doesn't expect to find a job.

"There are so many people here and so few jobs," Macatiag said. She is hoping to leave the country again: "Anywhere but the Middle East," she said.

Even if there is no abuse, the emotional toll of being away from home can be heavy.

In Hong Kong, Philippine maids gather by the thousands in the city center every Sunday to spend their day off together. They fill the parks and sidewalks and overflow into the streets. Sitting on cardboard or sheets of plastic, they hold prayer meetings, play cards and have picnics.

Beneath the festivity is a sense of melancholy. These women spend the best years of their lives serving others.

Many leave their children behind so they can earn enough to pay for their schooling. Others forgo the chance to marry in order to provide for parents and siblings. Most make the equivalent of $420 a month and send more than half of it home.

Editha Ycon, 37, has worked 13 of the last 17 years in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan and now Hong Kong. She has a degree in computer programming but could not find work in the Philippines. She has left her son twice to go overseas, first when he was 6 months old and again when he was 4 years old. He is now 10.

"I want to stay with my son," she said. "I want to prepare his breakfast before he goes to school. I want to pack his things. I am a mother, but not really. I haven't been a mother yet."



The people of Santa Rosa, a village two hours south of Manila, once made a living processing coconuts. But the men who worked in the drying sheds left the country long ago.

Now the village is known as Little Italy. It depends almost entirely on remittances from abroad. Of its 8,000 people, 3,000 work overseas, mainly in Italy and Spain. Left behind are children, the elderly and the disabled.

Overseas workers contributed money to build the two-story village office. A worker in Spain donated the village computer. Others helped buy an ambulance. But the village is distinguished by the more than 600 large Italian-style houses built with money sent home from overseas.

Village head Benito Alvarez, who wears a USA T-shirt given to him by cousins in America, said the owners were unlikely ever to live in them. "They build the house to prove to the people they grew up with that they are a big success," he said.

But what Alvarez sees as evidence of waste and opulence gives another villager a deep sense of satisfaction.

Carlito Villanueva, 67, began sending his children to Spain and Italy in 1985. Now all nine of them live in Europe, along with their spouses and his 14 grandchildren.

"If they had not gone, I could only see hardship for them, because life here is very difficult," he said. "I'm not sad at all. I'm very happy. As a parent, my major goal is to secure a good life for them."

Each of the children is sending money to build a house in the family compound. Four have been built, and a fifth is planned. All are unoccupied, except on the rare occasion when one of the children comes home for a visit.

"This is their home," he said. "Wherever they are in the world, even though they are scattered, they will come home to me."

Another neighbor, Digna Escueta, 28, hadn't been home since she left to work as a maid in Padua, Italy, six years earlier. She came back for two weeks to try to straighten out a domestic nightmare: Her husband was in prison for drug use, and her daughter was out of control.

Her parents worked overseas when she was growing up, starting with her mother when Escueta was 11. A brother and sister followed. Altogether, more than 50 relatives found work in Italy.

Escueta married as a teenager and soon had a baby. Her husband became addicted to methamphetamine.

"We grew up making our own decisions, and because of that we married young," she said. "Some children of overseas workers in this barrio fall into vice and lose direction in life."

When Escueta turned 22, she also went overseas, leaving her 1-year-old daughter, Yvonne, with a cousin.

Seeing her daughter for the first time in six years was not the reunion she was hoping for. Yvonne had become the terror of the neighborhood.

She slugged the boys when her mother's back was turned, making them cry. She killed kittens by hugging them to death, stepping on them or locking them in a closet, Escueta said. She killed a puppy by tying a string around its neck and letting it fall off a high bed.

"She loves them to death," her mother said.

Escueta acknowledged that the absence of so many parents meant troubles for the next generation of Filipinos.

"Going abroad has two sides," she said. "The bad side is the separation of the family. The children grow up without a mother's supervision. Sometimes they go astray. The good side is not just the income but the possibility the whole family could go overseas, which is my dream."



Angelo de la Cruz, a father of eight, was desperate. He needed to pay medical bills for a son who lost an eye in an accident and care for another who has Down syndrome.

He decided to leave his one-room bamboo hut two hours north of Manila and return to Saudi Arabia, where he'd worked three times. He left as a truck driver. He returned as a national symbol.

In July 2004, De la Cruz was ordered to deliver gasoline to U.S. troops in Iraq. He became separated from other trucks in the convoy and was abducted four hours after crossing the border.

His kidnappers demanded that the Philippines withdraw its contingent of 51 troops from the U.S.-led coalition. He expected to be beheaded. But with a narrow election victory behind her, President Arroyo could not risk offending the huge constituency of overseas workers and their families. She withdrew the Philippine troops a month ahead of schedule.

De la Cruz was freed after two weeks.

On his return home, he was showered with gifts: a new three-room house, a new motorcycle, a new job, a glass eye for his son and scholarships for his children.

"They kept saying I was a hero," he said. "I felt like I was just an ordinary person. Many say that I am a symbol of the Philippines. To this day, I keep wondering what it is I have become."

*

Paddock reported from the Philippines, Hong Kong, Japan, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Lebanon, Singapore and Thailand.

*

About this series

Four articles examining the worldwide flow of remittances.

{ Saturday }

Kenya: Benta Wauna worked abroad to give her sister alternatives to arranged marriage and extreme poverty.

*

On the Web: To read previous articles, see an interactive photo gallery or participate in a discussion forum, go to latimes.com/ foreignaid.

*

(INFOBOX BELOW)

Statistical snapshot of the Philippines



Key facts, based on the most recent figures available.

Population estimate: 88 million

GDP, per person: $5,100

Percent living in poverty: 30%

Remittance income annually: $10.7 billion

*

Sources: CIA World Factbook, World Bank, Philippine Department of Labor, Times reporting. Compiled by John L. Jackson smiley  smiley
9  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / continued on: December 20, 2005, 06:46:13 PM
Below is an example of how semantics, ignorance of history, and self promotion, creates confusion in FMA.

1. FMA did not originate in Cebu.

2. There is no historical source that references a "Datu Mangal" to a "PAKAMUT" form of fighting in the Philippines.

3.  During the time of Lapu Lapu, as well as his father's generation, the Sri Visayan empire had long been gone.  Although, Islam was found in Cebu, during Magellan's arrival.

4.  The Sri Vishayan Empire was Hindu, not Malay.

5.  The Battle of Mactan was about Magellan's hubris, not superior martial arts.  Magellan and a handful of his men stuck in the mud off Mactan, being butchered by hundreds of Lapu Lapu's men, can hardly be called a battle.  It was a massacre.

6.  Lapu Lapu killed Magellan because he knew Magellan was going to kill him as part of Magellan's pact with Lapu Lapu's enemy Datu Humabon.  Lapu Lapu killed Magellan out of survival, not some abstract notion of geo politics.

7.  No one's ever heard of PAKAMUT.

(Parallel to Kali, mis-information, renaming and misrepresentation of Philippine history)




http://www.pfletch.com/pakamut/


The Filipino Martial Arts originated in the Cebu Province of Central Philippines. It is believed that Datu Mangal, the father of Datu Lapu-Lapu, brought the art of stick fighting called PAKAMUT to the Philippine Islands. Datu Mangal was once a leader of the famous Sri Visayan Empire. The powerful Empire of Malay.

The Filipino Fighting Art was tested during the famous Battle of Mactan, an island in the Cebu Province, on April 27, 1521. This destined battle was between the infamous circumnavigator, Ferdinand Magellan and his warriors, against the local native fighters lead by Datu Lapu-Lapu. Datu Lapu-Lapu, the first Pilipino hero, rejected submission to foreign power and refused to bow and give allegiance to the King of Spain.

During the Battle of Mactan, Ferdinand Magellan and his warriors, equipped with muskets and experienced swordsmen, was no match against Datu Lapu-Lapu and his men, whom were experts in the native martial arts of PAKAMUT. Armed with ingenious weapons, such as fire hardened sticks called olisi, kampilan, pinuti, and other impact weapons, they were able to drive out their enemies.

During the Spanish Colonialization of the Philippines, the Martial Art of PAKAMUT was banned by the colonizers because they were fearful of the Filipino?s exceptional skills. Through the years of hidden training, this art is later called Eskrima Arnis Kali.
10  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / Kali Tudo bonus material on: November 03, 2005, 02:16:56 AM
Brandon "Truth" Vera, that Filipino MMA guy in UFC, is he using Kali Tudo? What's his background?
11  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / the titles of the teachers in the fillipino martial arts on: September 19, 2005, 06:49:43 PM
Thanks! Rafael...

Could you provide a bibliography of sorts, a short list of the books related to the Jesuits in the Filipines, and where we might find these books (or websites).
12  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / ITTS: the other martial art on: September 16, 2005, 02:14:34 PM
"never bring a knife, to a gun fight!"

This is one of the best training available in SoCal...

http://www.internationaltactical.com/index.asp

ITTS is Southern California's premier firearms training facility. Our instructors are all seasoned law enforcement professionals from elite divisions of the LAPD, including SWAT.

All our instructors are police officers certified to teach Handgun, Shotgun, and Rifle. Many have been instructors for the LAPD SWAT team. You will get the highest quality of instruction available anywhere. They have worked bank stakeouts, high risk crime suppression and protection details for US Presidents.
13  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / the titles of the teachers in the fillipino martial arts on: September 16, 2005, 01:59:38 PM
Quote from: Mike Brewer
I've debated this type of thing at length with a number of folks, including some of my instructors.  I am of the humble opinion that you can go ahead and call a person whatever he or she feels most like being called.  As far as titles or terminology or technique?  It's purely a semantic debate.  


What other type of debate would it be?

I think what people are discussing here is whether a word is authentic (as claimed), so it's a discussion about history, terminology, and semantics-- nothing more.
14  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / the titles of the teachers in the fillipino martial arts on: September 16, 2005, 01:55:54 PM
I don't understand, was that response for the map I was referring to in the website?
15  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / map of cebu on: September 16, 2005, 01:20:20 PM
http://www.cebueskrima.s5.com/custom3.html

There is a map if you scroll down the link that is very interesting, and very relevant to the statements below.

Quote from: Guest
Quote from: Leo Gaje Jr.
When my second cousin became the first Mayor of Salvador Benedicto in the early eighties after leaving the rebel group the new peoples army Salvador benidicto had already it's festival named halad by the pulahan tribes, it was my idea to rename it kalikalihan festival...


Quote from: Romy Macapagal
Ilustrisimo used "kali" on the insistence of Mr. Leo Gaje who had visited with Tatang and also by an American anthropologist specializing in hoplology (which is a study of handheld, non-missile weapons), who seemed to have picked it up from Dan Inosanto's book.


man, this is some serious propaganda campaign!!!
16  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / training in los angeles on: August 17, 2005, 05:09:32 PM
Location - FilAm ARTS (on Vermont Avenue between Melrose Avenue and Clinton Street)

That's near Hollywood...

http://[i]http://mandirigma.org/service.html[/i]
17  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / comes out tomorrow... "the GREAT RAID" on: August 07, 2005, 09:56:45 PM
yes!!! "Ghost Soldiers" or "Ghost Raiders" one of which was considered as a working title for the movie.  "the Great Raid" won over...

correction: movie actually opens on the 12th, this coming Friday.
18  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / http://www.miramax.com/thegreatraid/ on: August 05, 2005, 06:27:22 PM
http://www.miramax.com/thegreatraid/
19  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / comes out tomorrow... "the GREAT RAID" on: August 05, 2005, 06:11:35 PM
saw the preview just today, and absolutely loved this movie.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ here's some info...

Set in the Philippines in 1945, "The Great Raid" tells the true story of the 6th Ranger Battalion, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Mucci (Benjamin Bratt) who undertake a daring rescue mission against all odds. Traveling thirty miles behind enemy lines, the 6th Ranger Battalion aims to liberate over 500 American prisoners-of-war from the notorious Cabanatuan Japanese POW camp in the most audacious rescue ever.

http://www.miramax.com/thegreatraid/

From director John Dahl (he also directed 'Rounders') comes the stirring true story of one of the most spectacular rescue missions ever to take place in American history: "the great raid on Cabanatuan, " the daring exploit that would liberate more than 500 U.S. Prisoners of War in the face of overwhelming odds. A gripping depiction of human resilience, the film vividly brings to life the personal courage and audacious heroism that allowed a small but stoic band of World War II soldiers to attempt the impossible in the hopes of freeing their captured brothers.

Once a tale shared across the United States, the long-lost story of THE GREAT RAID has been recreated with meticulous authenticity to pay testimony to the many different people, from U.S. commanders to Filipino soldiers to women aid workers to the POWs themselves, who played a part in turning this time of intense hardship and unrelenting danger into a moment of inspiration.
20  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / the titles of the teachers in the fillipino martial arts on: May 24, 2005, 12:44:21 PM
antoy: if you read from the very beginning of this thread (like i have--it only takes maybe 2 hours, if you're a slow reader like me) all of what you have said has already been discuss.  old news...

rafael (or anyone who knows of the illustrisimo style): have you heard of these names in the article? (Solferino Borinaga of Pilar, Camotes and the Sabanal saga beginning with the story of the early pioneer of Moalboal Laurente "Laguno" Sabanal down to the living heirs of his son Pablo "Amboy Kidlat" Sabanal).

The only living master of Kapitan Perong?s system called Repikada Pegada Eskrima is Yuly Romo who teaches the style as supplementary lessons to Ka?li Ilustrisimo. He inherited the system from his uncle Tatay Anas Romo who acquired it from Emong Urias of Guindulman, Bohol. Emong Urias and his paisano (compatriot) Pedro Cortez once taught close quarters techniques to the late GM Antonio Ilustrisimo.
21  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / http://cebueskrima.s5.com/custom3.html on: May 19, 2005, 10:24:08 PM
can anyone verify the statements in this article?

from: http://cebueskrima.s5.com/custom3.html

"Except for silat / kuntao that many kali fanatics unsuccessfully try to connect with FMA, not a single Filipino Muslim grandmaster has come out to the fore. Secrecy? Then why is everyone in the U.S. selling VHS kali videos of this so-called secret Martial Art? So who's the windbag who spilled all the secrets of kali to the Caucasians and not to his brethren Pinoys? Simply preposterous! Practically 98% of the middle 20th century grandmasters the very pioneers and innovators of the FMA are Cebuanos. So where's the Moro kali grandmaster?

The most compelling evidence to prove our theory on the origins of eskrima are the epic stories of Solferino Borinaga of Pilar, Camotes and the Sabanal saga beginning with the story of the early pioneer of Moalboal Laurente "Laguno" Sabanal down to the living heirs of his son Pablo "Amboy Kidlat" Sabanal.
"

...........................................

"Borinaga?s son Martin took over the leadership of the tiny islet of Camotes, which used to be called Isla sa Putting Baybayon (White Beach Island) and renamed it after his wife Pilar. The only living master of Kapitan Perong?s system called Repikada Pegada Eskrima is Yuly Romo who teaches the style as supplementary lessons to Ka?li Ilustrisimo. He inherited the system from his uncle Tatay Anas Romo who acquired it from Emong Urias of Guindulman, Bohol. Emong Urias and his paisano (compatriot) Pedro Cortez once taught close quarters techniques to the late GM Antonio Ilustrisimo.  GM Tatang Ilustrisimo learned the subtleties of praksyon a technique outside of the original Ilustrisimo family system from both Boholano masters.  Tatang never learned "kali" or eskrima from any Moro master while in exile in Mindanao according to Master Yuly Romo.  That's a serious blow to the Moro myth in the Ilustrisimo system!" smiley
22  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / funny ... on: May 09, 2005, 07:16:35 PM
HAHaha...  great to learn a new Filipino word everyday. cheesy
23  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / "Warrior Arts of the Philippines" by Reynaldo S. G on: May 09, 2005, 07:13:05 PM
"Warrior Arts of the Philippines" by Reynaldo S. Galang

http://bakbakan.com/


have any of you guys checked out this book yet?  just wondering what everyone's opinion was.

i've just ordered the book.  i also learned that this was the first installment of a series of books.  can't wait...
24  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / ~ Pilipinas vs. Mexico !!! ~ Los Angeles, 12 March 2005 on: February 21, 2005, 08:50:48 PM
"RP versus Mexico in boxing in the USA"

THE sibling rivalry between Filipinos and Mexicans started way back to the time of Spanish colonization. It boiled down to boxing.

Filipino boxing greats Pancho Villa, Gabriel ?Flash? Elorde, Luisito Espinosa beat and were beaten by Mexican boxers.

The rivalry in the ring continued with Manny Pacquiao fighting Mexican greats Marco Antonio Barrera and Juan Manuel Marquez.

And on March 19, it will be for a third time when the Filipino Destroyer faces Erik ?El Terrible? Morales.

Los Angeles

But before the much-awaited event takes place ? aspiring Filipino boxers will face Mexican opponents in a card dubbed ?Filipinas vs. Mexico? on March 12 at The Grand Olympic Auditorium at the 1801 S. Grand Ave. in Los Angeles, California, USA.

The card presented by Pex Aves Promotions in cooperation with Ring Mundial Boxing Promotions International will headline US-based Filipino ring veterans Vernie Torres and Gerry Balabagan against Mexican opponents.

Manny Pacquiao will make a special appearance in the card as he is scheduled to trade punches in a sparring match against an unnamed fighter.

Super-flyweight Torres will fight Salvador Casillas, while the junior middleweight Balagbagan will face Jose Juan Mendiola. Both will be for 10 rounds.

Torres, who is now based in Pensacola, Florida, parades a 26-6 wins-loss card with 15 knockout victories against journeyman Casillas, from Harrington Park, California, who has a 5-21 card.

The La Habra Heights-based Balabagan, on the other hand, hopes his 9-6-2 record with eight knockout victories will improve when he trades punches with Mendiola, who has a pathetic 2-12.







http://www.boxingtalk.net/pages/free2317.htm

Filipino-Mexican Rivalry In Boxing Continues
By Rey Danseco

The Filipino-Mexican rivalry in boxing will be heating up even before the anticipated war in the ring on March 19 in Las Vegas between Manny Pacquiao and Erik Morales.

Former Philippine champions Vernie Torres and Jerry Balagbagan will headline the ?The war goes on, Philippines vs Mexico? card against separate Mexican opponents on March 12 at the Grand Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles, California.

Making his first boxing promotion, Los Angeles-based native of Dipolog City Philippines, Pex Aves pitted the General Santos-native Torres against Mexican ring terror and a do or die brawler Salvador ?Diablito? Casillas in the main event.

While the Lupao, Nueva Ecija-born Balagbagan, who was a former RP and Philippine Boxing Federation (PBF) light middleweight boss, faces Jose ?El Tigre? Mendiola.

Aves, who plans to put five other bouts between black Americans and Mexicans to complete the card, becomes the first Filipino boxing promoter in America.

To stage a card, Aves needed to shell out $25,000 for promoter license permit to the California State Athletic Commission and another $46,000 for the reservation of Grand Olympic Auditorium.

The Auditorium is the same venue where Pacquiao retained the International Boxing Federation (IBF) super-bantam title via 3rd round knockout win over Mexico-native Emmanuel Lucero in July 2003. That win made Pacman the first Filipino winner at the historic venue along L.A?s S. Grand Avenue.

Aves is the Philippine Press Club International (PPCI) executive vice president in the U.S. and offers legal services with office along Wilshire Boulevard in L.A.

As of posting time, Aves is still waiting for the $5-million worth Liability Bond from an Insurance company to make him able to sell the tickets.


25  DBMA Martial Arts Forum / Martial Arts Topics / very informative thread !!! on: January 29, 2005, 06:50:51 PM
Hi, Everyone.  I just spent the last 2 hours (3 bathroom breaks) readinig through this really long thread.  I feel so much smarter about Filipino martial arts now.

I'm not Filipino, but I have just recently (about 6 months now) trained in Kali, at a small school in Reseda.  I love the art, but have never really looked into the history of it, until someone refered me to this thread.

This is the most comprehensive discussion about Kali, and I just want to thank everyone for all the information posted.  I have to go for a run now to stretch out my eyes.  This thread should be printed into a book.
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