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Author Topic: Islam in Arabic/Islamic Countries:  (Read 45176 times)
Power User
Posts: 31260

« Reply #150 on: April 08, 2014, 06:27:09 PM »
Power User
Posts: 31260

« Reply #151 on: April 08, 2014, 11:11:29 PM »

second entry
Power User
Posts: 5953

« Reply #152 on: June 19, 2014, 05:46:35 PM »

From a link in a post from Mike (MT from FB) on the Middle East forum, I found this article quite helpful in explaining the split in Islam between Sunni and Shia.  A list of Middle East countries with populations and percentages of each follows this excerpt.

...Shia and Sunni traditions disagree strongly on two related matters: the question of divinity in the succession from Muhammad and the role of the clergy in the practice of Islam. While the Sunni believe that all humans, past and present, have had the same relationship to God, the Shia hold that Ali and the eleven leaders of the Shia faith who followed him — the twelve Imams — were divinely inspired and infallible in their judgements. The Twelfth Imam is believed not to have died, but to have passed into “occultation,” to return someday as the “Mahdi” or guided one, to lead a perfected Islamic society.  (Much more at the link)

Pop.: 28,513,677
% Shia: 19%
% Sunni: 80%

Pop.: 32,129,324
% Shia: –
% Sunni: 99%

Pop.: 7,868,385
% Shia: 67%
% Sunni: 29%

Pop.: 677,886
% Shia: 70%
% Sunni: 30%

Pop.: 76,117,421
% Shia: –
% Sunni: 90%

Pop.: 69,018,924
% Shia: 90%
% Sunni: 9%

Pop.: 25,374,691
% Shia: 63%
% Sunni: 34%

Pop.: 6,199,008
% Shia: –
% Sunni: 15%

Pop.: 5,611,202
% Shia: 2%
% Sunni: 92%

Pop.: 2,257,549
% Shia: 25%
% Sunni: 60%

Pop.: 3,777,218
% Shia: 36%
% Sunni: 22%

Pop.: 5,631,585
% Shia: –
% Sunni: 97%

Pop.: 32,209,801
% Shia: –
% Sunni: 99%
Pop.: 2,903,165
% Shia: 2%
% Sunni: 21%

Pop.: 159,196,336
% Shia: 20%
% Sunni: 77%

Palestinian Territory
Pop.: 3,152,361
% Shia: –
% Sunni: 95%

Pop.: 840,290
% Shia: 14%
% Sunni: 86%

Saudi Arabia
Pop.: 25,795,938
% Shia: 5%
% Sunni: 95%

Pop.: 39,148,162
% Shia: –
% Sunni: 70%

Pop.: 18,016,874
% Shia: 13%
% Sunni: 74%

Pop.: 9,974,722
% Shia: –
% Sunni: 98%

Pop.: 66,893,918
% Shia: 15%
% Sunni: 85%

Pop.: 2,523,915
% Shia: 16%
% Sunni: 80%

Pop.: 20,024,867
% Shia: 36%
% Sunni: 63%
prentice crawford
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Posts: 775

« Reply #153 on: June 25, 2014, 10:13:13 AM »

Questions Rebels Use to Tell Sunni From Shiite

BAGHDAD — Whether a person is a Shiite or a Sunni Muslim in Iraq can now be, quite literally, a matter of life and death.

As the militant group the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, or ISIS, has seized vast territories in western and northern Iraq, there have been frequent accounts of fighters’ capturing groups of people and releasing the Sunnis while the Shiites are singled out for execution.

ISIS believes that the Shiites are apostates and must die in order to forge a pure form of Islam. The two main branches of Islam diverge in their beliefs over which is the true inheritor of the mantle of the Prophet Muhammad. The Shiites believe that Islam was transmitted through the household of the Prophet Muhammad. Sunnis believe that it comes down through followers of the Prophet Muhammad who, they say, are his chosen people.

But how can ISIS tell whether a person is a Sunni or a Shiite? From accounts of people who survived encounters with the militants, it seems they often ask a list of questions. Here are some of them:
What is your name?

A quick look at an Iraqi’s national identity card or passport can be a signal. Shiites believe that the leadership of Islam was passed down through the Prophet Muhammad’s son-in-law Ali and his sons Hussain (or Hussein), Hassan and Abbas, among others. While some Sunnis and members of other Islamic groups may also have those names, ISIS would most likely associate them with the Shiites.

Where do you live?

In every city and province, even majority Sunni ones, there are enclaves that are known to be Shiite. People who said they came from one of those neighborhoods would most likely be killed.

How do you pray?

Shiites and Sunnis offer prayers in slightly different ways, with Sunnis generally folding their hands or crossing their arms in front of their stomachs and Shiites leaving them extended, palms resting on their thighs.

In a chilling video that appeared to have been made more than a year ago in the Anbar Province of Iraq, ISIS fighters stopped three truck drivers in the desert and asked them whether they were Sunnis or Shiites. All three claimed to be Sunni. Then the questions got harder. They were asked how they performed each of the prayers: morning, midday and evening. The truck drivers disagreed on their methods, and all were shot.

What kind of music do you listen to?

Recordings of religious songs could also be a tipoff. Similarly, even the ringtone on a person’s telephone could be a clue because it might be from a Sunni or Shiite religious song.

There are other clues, but none are completely reliable. For instance, a number of Shiites wear large rings, often with semiprecious stones. But so do some Sunnis, and others.

Generally, Iraqi Shiites and Sunnis are often indistinguishable in appearance. That is even more evident in many families and tribes in which there has been intermarriage for generations.

Given that the rigid views of ISIS are fairly well known, it is perhaps natural to wonder why hostages do not simply lie about their origins. It seems that many do, yet in very tense, perilous encounters, people can easily get tripped up. Sometimes another person in a group might inadvertently give someone away. Others refuse to lie about their faith.


Power User
Posts: 557

« Reply #154 on: June 30, 2014, 07:30:57 AM »

ISIS/ISIL declares Islamic State, shortens name to “The Islamic State” (IS)

Robert Spencer    Jun 29, 2014 at 2:28pm

They clearly intend to hold the territory they have captured. They’ve also declared Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi the new caliph; he claims to be a descendant of Muhammad, so it is possible that if they can make their state viable, this claim will gain currency. If that happens, it will be interesting to see how Muslims in the West react to the idea that he is the “leader for Muslims everywhere,” which historically was always a claim of the caliph.

“ISIS declares creation of Islamic state in Middle East, shortens name to ‘IS,’” RT, June 29, 2014:

ISIS jihadists have declared the captured territories from Iraq’s Diyala province to Syria’s Aleppo a new Islamic State – a ‘caliphate.’ They removed ‘Iraq and the Levant’ from their name and urged other radical Sunni groups to pledge their allegiance.

ISIS announced that it should now be called ‘The Islamic State’ and declared its chief, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, as “the caliph” of the new state and “leader for Muslims everywhere,” the radical Sunni militant group said in an audio recording distributed online on Sunday.

This is the first time since the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1923 that a Caliph – which means a political successor to Prophet Muhammad – has been declared. The decision was made following the group’s Shura Council meeting on Sunday, according to ISIS spokesman Abu Mohammed al-Adnani.

The new Islamic State has marked its borders, spanning the territory captured by the group in a bloody rampage, from Iraq’s volatile Diyala province to Syria’s war-torn Aleppo.


"You have enemies?  Good.  That means that you have stood up for something, sometime in your life." - Winston Churchill.
Power User
Posts: 31260

« Reply #155 on: July 12, 2014, 10:33:13 AM »
Power User
Posts: 31260

« Reply #156 on: August 30, 2014, 12:22:32 PM »
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