Dog Brothers Public Forum

HOME | PUBLIC FORUM | MEMBERS FORUM | INSTRUCTORS FORUM | TRIBE FORUM

Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.
November 19, 2017, 12:08:12 PM

Login with username, password and session length
Search:     Advanced search
Welcome to the Dog Brothers Public Forum.
105831 Posts in 2395 Topics by 1093 Members
Latest Member: Cruces
* Home Help Search Login Register
+  Dog Brothers Public Forum
|-+  Politics, Religion, Science, Culture and Humanities
| |-+  Politics & Religion
| | |-+  Military Science, Military Issues, and the Nature of War
« previous next »
Pages: 1 ... 12 13 [14] Print
Author Topic: Military Science, Military Issues, and the Nature of War  (Read 216316 times)
DougMacG
Power User
***
Posts: 9208


« Reply #650 on: June 21, 2017, 09:27:45 AM »

http://www.realcleardefense.com/articles/2017/06/20/five_signs_the_f-35_fighter_is_a_smashing_success_111621.html

F-35 has emerged as the global gold standard of next-gen air power

Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #651 on: June 21, 2017, 09:56:07 AM »

Not so fast:

https://www.forbes.com/sites/beltway/2011/06/03/spacex-loren-thompsons-deceit/#44064927740a

Maybe it IS worth the astronomical price tag, or  maybe it isn't.  I don't know who to believe or trust.

To know if  this guy is part of the "military industrial complex" Eisenhower warned us of , vs a true independent objective observer analyst is impossible to know.  But when a ton of money is involved all bets are off. in mho.

Would a team of pilots who are not connected to special interests be the best judge?  I don't know.

« Last Edit: June 21, 2017, 10:03:04 AM by ccp » Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #652 on: June 21, 2017, 10:46:07 AM »

OTOH I'm a fan of the Warthog  grin

https://www.facebook.com/MilitaryInsider/videos/1100653713368960/?hc_ref=NEWSFEED
« Last Edit: June 21, 2017, 01:27:32 PM by Crafty_Dog » Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #653 on: June 21, 2017, 04:26:33 PM »

http://www.scout.com/military/warrior/story/1670801-how-different-is-it-to-fly-the-stealth-f-35
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #654 on: June 24, 2017, 12:41:10 AM »

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/23/world/asia/destroyer-fitzgerald-collision.html?emc=edit_ta_20170623&nl=top-stories&nlid=49641193&ref=cta
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #655 on: June 24, 2017, 01:03:52 AM »

    Articles

    Regions & Countries

    Themes

Forecast Highlights

    A limited defense budget will force the Kremlin to make difficult decisions to prioritize its most critical defense needs.
    The Russian military will temper its maritime ambitions as it reinforces its continental capabilities.
    Russia will not entirely abandon the seas, however, as its greatest security concern will remain its nuclear deterrent, comprising land, air and maritime components.

Russia's military modernization efforts are entering a critical stage. The state armaments program (GPV), covering 2018-2025, is due to be finalized in September. The plan will determine not only the country's weaponry capabilities well into the 2030s, but also the strategic direction of the Russian military at large. Early indications point toward a significant downgrade in Russia's maritime ambitions as Moscow amps up its focus on continental power.

As Russia evaluates where its military will be heading over the next several years, the Kremlin's primary constraint will be financial. After almost two decades of explosive growth, Russia's defense budget has started to face considerable headwinds in recent years, since a sharp decline in oil prices in 2014 curtailed the country's financial freedom. Its fiscal challenges culminated this year, when the Kremlin cut the defense budget by 5 percent. The reduction, the first since the 1990s, means Russia won't be able to achieve its official goal of modernizing 70 percent of its forces by 2020. The total funds in the 2018-2025 GPV are expected to be just half of what the Defense Ministry was hoping for. Consequently, the Kremlin will have to make tough decisions about how the Russian military prioritizes its investments. Economic turbulence and industrial issues have already delayed finalizing the GPV by two years, and Russia can no longer afford to postpone decisions on matters of its military future.
A Sinking Ship

Key parts of the Russian navy, meanwhile, are in desperate need of funding. Though the navy has undergone some notable modernization programs over the last decade, for the most part it still relies on small or aging warships. The Russians have not built a new type of surface warship larger than a frigate since the end of the Cold War, and the country's sole aircraft carrier, the Admiral Kuznetsov, was first launched in 1985. If Moscow wants a powerful oceangoing navy with large surface warships and carrier aviation, it has no choice but to allocate substantial funds to its navy as part of the 2018-2025 GPV.

But it's already becoming clear that the necessary funding won't materialize. The Russian Ministry of Defense appears to be prioritizing established — and less risky — weapons programs over new ones. That puts Russia's navy at a disadvantage because the force has not undertaken a large surface combatant program since the Soviet Union collapsed. Furthermore, the limited defense budget will focus on cost-effective weapons systems rather than on pricey flagship programs, leaving no room for the enormous expense of building large warships. Dimming Moscow's maritime prospects all the more, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, a key figure overseeing the defense industry, said in May that unlike the United States, Russia is not a maritime power. Instead, he emphasized, it is a continental power. (In the same vein, Rogozin questioned the need for Russia to field an aircraft carrier.) A meeting in mid-May between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Kremlin military leaders confirmed these statements, and Russian media later announced that the development of destroyer warships and a new aircraft carrier would be indefinitely postponed.
Putting the Money Where It Matters

Still, at least one part of Russia's naval dreams will avoid the chopping block: nuclear submarines. The country's top defense consideration has long been its nuclear deterrent, which involves a troika of land-based missiles, nuclear-capable bombers and nuclear ballistic missile submarines. During the Cold War, nuclear submarines were so prized that the Soviet surface navy became more or less an auxiliary arm of its submarine force tasked with protecting the underwater craft using a bastion strategy. Russia's military will continue to value its nuclear deterrent above much else in the years ahead.

Aside from ample funding for nuclear submarines in the upcoming GPV, early signs suggest Russia is further strengthening its air force. The Kremlin will put money into more strategic transport aircraft and advanced combat jets, with a focus on upgrading fourth-generation jets as opposed to pursuing newer, more cutting-edge models such as the T-50 stealth fighter. Russia will also home in on investments to make its air and ground forces more nimble, flexible and lethal, including precision-guided munitions; enhanced electronic warfare capabilities; upgraded command and control equipment; space assets; and improved intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance gear, namely drones.

As for the regions that are set to benefit most from the 2018-2025 GPV, the expectation is that Russia will keep focusing on its Southern and Western military districts. The zones are responsible for important operational areas including the Baltics, Ukraine and the Caucasus. The Kremlin will also prioritize the Arctic Joint Strategic Command — which will receive military district status by 2020 — because it involves a key portion of Russia's nuclear forces and aligns with the military's strategic focus.

Russia's defense priorities reflect what the government perceives as its greatest security threats. From Moscow's perspective, the No. 1 risk remains the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's encroachment on its western flank, which calls for a powerful nuclear deterrent reinforced by dependable and lethal ground and air forces. Russia is increasingly embracing missions that involve projecting power into distant regions — from the Arctic to Syria — as well, so long as the areas have a friendly ground base from which to operate. With these considerations in mind, the Kremlin will place high value on building up a light and flexible ground force with an enhanced strategic air transport fleet. Moscow recognizes, after all, that it cannot be a great maritime power and a great continental power at once.
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #656 on: June 27, 2017, 01:38:43 AM »

http://www.wearethemighty.com/articles/this-is-what-happens-when-the-army-puts-a-laser-on-an-apache-attack-helicopter
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #657 on: July 08, 2017, 12:38:00 PM »

http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2017/07/07/transgender-men-womens-showers-must-get-dignity-respect-u-s-army/
Logged
G M
Power User
***
Posts: 15342


« Reply #658 on: July 08, 2017, 01:09:36 PM »


Everyone involved in this garbage needs to be removed from the military ASAP!
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #659 on: July 09, 2017, 08:51:05 PM »

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FwIU3YkrLM4&feature=youtu.be&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily-brief-WLXHKAPFXH37&utm_content=daily-brief-WLXHKAPFXH37&utm_source=daily-brief&utm_term=Tucker+Carlson+suggests+James+Mattis+should+resign
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #660 on: July 13, 2017, 02:00:13 PM »

WSJ
By The Editorial Board
July 12, 2017 7:14 p.m. ET
80 COMMENTS

On Monday 15 Marines and one Navy sailor died when a Marine KC-130 crashed, with debris covering a field in Mississippi. It’s too early to draw conclusions about what caused the transport plane to suffer a catastrophic failure on its flight from North Carolina to California, reportedly at cruising altitude. But such tragedies are becoming more routine and deserve some attention.

It is unknown what led to the crash, and it could be anything from equipment malfunction to human error. The plane appears to have been loaded with munitions that might have caused or contributed to the crash. The names of the service members on board still weren’t public by our deadline.

One reality is that Marine aviation has recently experienced a rise in “Class A Mishaps,” which are incidents that carry a body count or result in more than $2 million in aircraft damage. House Armed Services Chairman Mac Thornberry pointed out at a hearing last year that the rate for the Marine aviation community has “been increasing significantly.”

Over the past decade the rate has hovered around 2.15 events for every 100,000 hours flown, Mr. Thornberry noted. But in 2015 the figure increased to 3.29 and 3.39 in 2016; that year 12 Marines died when two helicopters crashed into each other off the coast of Hawaii. The rate so far for 2017 is 4.47, including Monday’s crash.

One hypothesis that deserves to be examined is a combination of old equipment and the fact that pilot hours have been reduced in recent years because of funding cuts. Planes like the F/A-18 are stretching past their lifetimes. Earlier this year Navy officials testified to Congress about a number of pilot “physiological episodes”—e.g. oxygen deprivation—that compound the risk of human error.

None of this will come as news to Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, who has made addressing readiness problems a central part of his agenda. But Marines and other service members sign up for duty knowing the risks of combat, and they shouldn’t have to endure an increasing threat to their safety from routine training or transport.
Logged
G M
Power User
***
Posts: 15342


« Reply #661 on: July 14, 2017, 05:04:41 PM »

http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/new-book-zero-footprint-reveals-ex-soldiers-hired-kill-article-1.2491345

Hired to kill: New book ‘Zero Footprint’ tells of ex-soldiers paid top dollar for jobs too dirty and dangerous for U.S. military


This book actually ties lots of things together, especially Benghazi. There is a line in the book about the author's work in Syria that still haunts me.


"Just when I thought we'd seen the worst image of devastation, another greeted us from around the corner. This time it was the sad eyes of a girl of four or five standing by the road and clutching a battered teddy bear with one arm. The other ended at the wrist, a bloody stump covered with dirty bandages. I felt something clutch in my chest as her mother ran out of a nearby shack to pull her away."
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #662 on: July 27, 2017, 09:04:03 AM »

http://dailysignal.com/2017/07/26/5-good-reasons-transgender-accommodations-arent-compatible-military-realities/?utm_source=TDS_Email&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=MorningBell&mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiWlRJNVpEWmhZakE1WlRKaCIsInQiOiJRc0ZwOXkrWE1wbFVYVlJDekpIeWpGSVdZb2ptVXhpRFQ0NW4wNUxlQVpRdU5randCMVV5MDIyR1NWcGt6R0tGNVd3K2J3eXZxeXc4TVwvVjJNamUrcW8rSm9GOXpWejBpYWo4ZzlZa1ZYY2VXTFp0Zk5mRDMrRHNiTStOXC95K3ZCIn0%3D


http://www.dailywire.com/news/19054/combat-vet-gives-powerful-testimony-against-trans-amanda-prestigiacomo

« Last Edit: July 27, 2017, 01:21:04 PM by Crafty_Dog » Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #663 on: July 27, 2017, 11:46:17 PM »

https://patriotpost.us/posts/50404
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #664 on: August 01, 2017, 12:31:59 AM »

http://www.popularmechanics.com/military/weapons/news/a27511/russia-drone-thermite-grenade-ukraine-ammo/
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #665 on: August 01, 2017, 12:24:24 PM »

second post

OAN reported last night that this technology is good to go-- what I got out of the piece was that this is basically a missile delivered EMP sans nuclear blast.

http://defense-update.com/20150516_champ.html
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #666 on: August 04, 2017, 01:33:27 PM »

http://nypost.com/2017/08/02/special-forces-test-out-boba-fett-combat-helmet/
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #667 on: August 05, 2017, 08:48:48 PM »

https://qz.com/499618/the-us-marines-tested-all-male-squads-against-mixed-gender-ones-and-the-men-came-out-ahead/
Logged
G M
Power User
***
Posts: 15342


« Reply #668 on: August 05, 2017, 09:40:29 PM »


I thought that trannies were the key to military dominance.

Pretty sure that was the meme that was being pushed last week.
Logged
DougMacG
Power User
***
Posts: 9208


« Reply #669 on: August 06, 2017, 10:18:18 AM »

I thought that trannies were the key to military dominance.

Is winning wars still the objective of the US military?  Or is it a social spending program with an emphasis on social and cultural transformation? 

Logged
G M
Power User
***
Posts: 15342


« Reply #670 on: August 06, 2017, 10:19:49 AM »

I thought that trannies were the key to military dominance.

Is winning wars still the objective of the US military?  Or is it a social spending program with an emphasis on social and cultural transformation? 



Anyone remember the last war we won?
Logged
DougMacG
Power User
***
Posts: 9208


« Reply #671 on: August 07, 2017, 06:31:17 AM »

Let's see, not Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan.  Outside of ccp and Reagan winning in Grenada, Japan 72 years ago was our last victory?
Logged
G M
Power User
***
Posts: 15342


« Reply #672 on: August 07, 2017, 07:12:19 AM »

Let's see, not Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan.  Outside of ccp and Reagan winning in Grenada, Japan 72 years ago was our last victory?

We must have had a bunch of LGTBQPWTF troops back then. It is the key to effective warfighting!
Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #673 on: August 07, 2017, 07:34:10 AM »

It was great to see the US military get the credit they deserved from Grenada and the Lebenon bombing.

After the LEFTish news media tried to maul the reputation of our men who were is the miltary during and after Vietnam  the majority of people gave the media a big "shove it" when they tried to pull the same crap with Reagan at Grenada

The LEftist pricks in the media are still doing the same to 'America' but pretend they are for the military now. 
Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #674 on: August 12, 2017, 11:04:13 PM »

http://freebeacon.com/national-security/u-s-guam-shielded-north-korean-missiles-high-tech-defenses/
« Last Edit: August 26, 2017, 07:12:11 AM by Crafty_Dog » Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #675 on: August 26, 2017, 08:37:41 AM »

http://freebeacon.com/national-security/average-transgender-soldier-unable-deploy-238-days/

Average Transgender Soldier Unable to Deploy for 238 Days
White House military ban to be based on deployability
Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #676 on: September 06, 2017, 07:50:46 AM »

http://www.atimes.com/ship-collisions-raise-specter-chinese-electronic-warfare/
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #677 on: September 06, 2017, 09:53:41 AM »

This is an exceedingly important issue.  Apparent force advantages can prove to be illusory.  Bush 43 was not great but Obama sat back while the Chinese stole us blind.

IMHO we are vulnerable to blitzkrieg defeat due to these factors.
Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #678 on: September 06, 2017, 12:32:39 PM »

I've read China has a long range low to the ground missile that can take out the ships and aircraft carriers.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/anderscorr/2017/07/01/chinas-new-destroyer-the-u-s-navys-anti-ship-missile-failure-and-preemption/#609d8210638f

Of course The Leftist Business Insider which has been out to get Trump mentions Trump's name here without mention of Brock:

http://www.businessinsider.com/china-long-range-missile-muscle-us-out-south-china-sea-2017-1

Or their new MIRVs that can be fitted with conventional or nuclear warheads:

http://foxtrotalpha.jalopnik.com/china-tests-long-range-missile-with-10-warheads-amid-te-1791843658

China is clearly at war with us.  One could say they are clearly preparing for war with us but what is the difference?
Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #679 on: September 18, 2017, 08:00:05 AM »

Too bad we don't have the capability to position  assault satellites into position over NK that could use a laser in the high altitude low cloud atmosphere that could  lock onto a missile :

http://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2017/09/no-we-cannot-shoot-down-north-koreas-missiles/141070/
« Last Edit: September 18, 2017, 09:04:04 AM by ccp » Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #680 on: September 18, 2017, 08:21:00 AM »

Good article!

BUT

"There is no need to rely on the word of missile defense boosters, or, for that matter, trust the analysis of jaded missile defense critics. We could stop testing for success and begin testing for actual performance, with “red team – blue team” tests, for example, to simulate a determined foe"

I get the point of course, but it misses another point-- our need to put uncertainty in the adversary's mind.  If we do "red team blue team" tests, our capabilities become known.  If things are as bad as this writer says, then the adversary will become emboldened.
Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #681 on: September 18, 2017, 11:09:45 AM »

I like *my* idea of a satellite defense system
 better but this is high altitude "lite"

http://www.nationalreview.com/article/451420/north-korea-missile-thr4eat-answers-exist

Do we really want to take war to outer space?  Short answer => if not us then someone else will. 
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #682 on: September 23, 2017, 11:25:19 AM »

http://www.nationalreview.com/article/451619/end-defense-budget-sequester-rebuild-american-military?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=NR%20Daily%20Monday%20through%20Friday%202017-09-22&utm_term=NR5PM%20Actives
Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #683 on: September 27, 2017, 06:53:18 PM »

What should the military do with someone like this?  He is a traitor even before he finishes military school

And of course CommunistNews week thinks this is hysterical to see "conservatives " outraged.


https://pjmedia.com/trending/2017/09/27/newsweek-writer-conservatives-mad-hell-commie-cadet/

Dishonorable DC?
and force him to pay for education?

Logged
G M
Power User
***
Posts: 15342


« Reply #684 on: September 27, 2017, 08:59:20 PM »

What should the military do with someone like this?  He is a traitor even before he finishes military school

And of course CommunistNews week thinks this is hysterical to see "conservatives " outraged.


https://pjmedia.com/trending/2017/09/27/newsweek-writer-conservatives-mad-hell-commie-cadet/

Dishonorable DC?
and force him to pay for education?



If his is not charged under the UCMJ and dishonorably discharged from the military, this country really is done.

Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #685 on: September 28, 2017, 06:11:43 AM »

http://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2113113/china-powers-new-radar-tech-unmask-stealth-fighters
Logged
G M
Power User
***
Posts: 15342


« Reply #686 on: September 29, 2017, 05:24:32 PM »

http://ace.mu.nu/archives/371787.php

Uh-Oh: "Communism Will Win" West Point Grad "Inspired by" Bradley Manning, Mentored by Muslim Studies Guy
This is painting a picture of what Obama did to our military and intelligence services.

Once you have enough security risks in an organization -- communists, Islamists, traitors-in-waiting -- they will begin actively recruiting other security risks, because that's their tribe.

Those are the people They trust -- the very people America cannot trust.

Speaking of, Reality Winner, given a security clearance by Obama's secret police, says that "America is the worst thing to ever happen to the world."

The woman suspected of leaking U.S. secrets to a news organization claimed she stuffed a classified report into her pantyhose and walked out of a National Security Agency office in Georgia, mainly because she hates America "like three times a day."
...

In their latest filing Wednesday, prosecutors also included a partial transcript of a Facebook chat between Winner and her sister in February.

"Look, I only say I hate America like 3 times a day," Winner wrote. “I'm no radical. It's mostly just about Americans obsession with air conditioning.”

Her sister asked: "But you don’t actually hate America, right?"

Winner replied: "I mean yeah I do it’s literally the worst thing to happen on the planet. We invented capitalism the downfall of the environment."

She had other good reasons to hate America: Like that the NSA played Fox News on some of their TVs. Guess which "news" channel she would have preferred?

Reality Winner, the former National Security Agency contractor accused of leaking a classified report, apparently complained to her bosses that Fox News was playing in her office – suggesting Al Jazeera would have been a more appropriate choice.
...

The transcripts offer additional insight into both her political leanings and media preferences.


"I've filed formal complaints about them having Fox News on,” she told FBI agents. “… Uh, at least, for God's sake put Al Jazeera on, or a slideshow with people's pets. I've tried everything to get that changed."

It's not an accident Obama granted people like her access to top secret information -- it's deliberate.

And meanwhile, McMasters fires people loyal to Trump and retains Obama loyalists.

Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #687 on: October 09, 2017, 03:49:13 PM »

https://pjmedia.com/lifestyle/2017/10/08/xbox-360-controllers-save-u-s-navy-boatloads-cash/
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #688 on: October 12, 2017, 12:13:40 PM »

https://patriotpost.us/articles/51824
Logged
ccp
Power User
***
Posts: 7621


« Reply #689 on: October 18, 2017, 07:55:57 AM »

(but they are politically correct so what is the big deal compared to that ?   angry  - thanks Brock)

http://www.nationalreview.com/article/452768/us-navy-355-ships-needed
Logged
Crafty_Dog
Administrator
Power User
*****
Posts: 41587


« Reply #690 on: November 07, 2017, 02:02:03 PM »

Beyond a love of the waves, surprisingly little unites the surfers of the world. Last year, when the International Olympic Committee unanimously approved surfing as a sport in the 2020 Tokyo Games, much of the debate that followed was predictable: Was surfing finally receiving the legitimacy it deserved, or was this yet another regrettable push toward the mainstreaming and watering down of a proud subculture? Variants of this argument have played out among surfers for over 100 years, having become something of a tedious cliche in the extreme sports era of the 21st century.

But there was also a second, more interesting conversation to emerge from the creation of Olympic surfing that concerned the venue for the sport. Some observers wondered if its Olympic debut would take place in a cutting-edge wave pool, taking advantage of recent technological advances that have rapidly legitimized artificial waves in a sport decidedly obsessed with nature. Organizers eventually decided that the 2020 competition would be more traditional, taking place at Shidashita beach in Japan's Chiba prefecture. If surfing is to stay afloat across diverse Olympic locales, though, the acceptance of fake waves is inevitable.

Last month, in fact, the World Surfing League held a somewhat clandestine event at legendary surfer Kelly Slater's artificial Surf Ranch in Lemoore, California, testing the waters for high-level surf contests without a sea gull in sight. With the excitement surrounding the event and anticipation building for Olympic surfing, it seems like a good moment to depart from some of our traditional topics and reflect on the history of a sport that is surprisingly geopolitical and linked, perhaps unexpectedly, to war.
Tourism and Tension Turn the Tides

While new to the Olympic program, surfing is predated in human history only by the most ancient of competitions, such as wrestling and track and field. Even the sport's modern history stretches back over a thousand years in the Hawaiian Islands, still very much the spiritual home of surfing. The now-global sport was nearly eradicated in the early 19th century when Calvinist missionaries arrived en masse and promptly banned surfing as an affront to God's laws. Though Hawaiians never completely abandoned the waves, the sport experienced a steep decline throughout the 1800s, and it was all but dead by the time the 20th century approached.

Somewhat ironically, another generation of Westerners helped to revive the sport in the 1890s. American entrepreneurs embraced the novel activity as a form of beachside entertainment for tourists at nascent resorts in Waikiki and beyond. In short order, surfing's newfound popularity propelled it across the Pacific, first to California and then around the world. In 1907, Alexander Hume Ford, a South Carolina plantation heir and the head of a private interest called the Hawaiian Promotion Committee, sponsored Waikiki surfer George Freeth's travel to Los Angeles to drum up interest in the island lifestyle. Though Freeth's direct impact on Hawaiian tourism is tough to gauge, his presence inspired enough locals to take up the sport that California is known as the birthplace of surfing today.

By the second half of the 20th century, as incomes became disposable and air travel shrank the globe, Western surfers began conquering waves around the world. Because some of the best waves were located in politically unstable places, the international surfer's path to the beach wasn't always easy. Athletes often had to navigate tense geopolitical environments on the ground, such as apartheid in South Africa or civil war in Central America. Nor was surfing immune to the effects of the Cold War, as Scott Laderman argues in his excellent political history of surfing, Empire in Waves. Laderman's chronicle of Indonesia offers a compelling cast study: Australian and American surfers discovered the archipelago's phenomenal waves in the years before and after the nation's transition from a policy of non-alignment to an alliance with the United States under President Suharto. In no time, the Indonesian government was sponsoring surf contests and junkets to promote tourism abroad while brutally repressing broad swaths of its population at home.
War on the Waves

"I've admired your nose-riding for years! I like your cutback, too." So says Robert Duvall's Lt. Col. William Kilgore to surfing serviceman Lance Johnson in Francis Ford Coppola's Vietnam War epic, "Apocalypse Now." It's a famously shocking scene: A village is summarily destroyed so that Kilgore can score a few excellent waves. Part of the shock is surely due to surfing's stereotypical ethos of peaceful communion with nature, which seems at odds with war. But if war was ever good for anything, it was surfing.

In The World in the Curl, Peter Westwick and Peter Neushul write,

    "Surfing, that escapist pleasure, would seem to have little to do with warfare. But from surf forecasting to surfboard production to wetsuits, almost every surfer who paddles out today is using military technology."

World War II and its immediate aftermath were particularly fruitful for surfers the world over. Military-industrial complex advances in materials technology proved especially important for postwar surfboard makers who turned fiberglass, polyester resins and various foams into boards that were better and more accessible to consumers than ever before. These materials allowed for the creation of boards that were lighter than the heavy, wooden variants popular before the war, enabling women and children to ride the waves with ease. The gears of war also provided training and inspiration to intrepid surfboard designers, including the now-legendary Bob Simmons, an Army machinist during the conflict and a mathematician for Douglas Aircraft Co. after it. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Simmons combined a deep understanding of materials science and hydrodynamics to produce revolutionary board designs that are still championed for their speed and performance.

The technological relationship between the military and surfing has also worked in the other direction. Such was the case of the motorized "warboard," a military design that never made it into action. Westwick and Neushul write that the U.S. Navy had developed prototypes of the board in anticipation of a potential coastal assault on Japan. A less fanciful innovation came in the form of the wetsuit. Pioneered by University of California, Berkeley physicist Hugh Bradner in the early 1950s, the earliest wetsuits were envisioned for military applications; Bradner offered his own design to the U.S. Navy. At the time the Navy passed on Bradner's innovation, for fear that the gasses trapped in the suit's neoprene material would make divers and swimmers easily detectable by sonar. Unconcerned about sonar, surfers quickly embraced wetsuits as a solution to a cruel reality of the sport: The best waves often emerge in the dead of winter. Surfers Jack O'Neill (of the eponymous O'Neill brand) and the Meistrell brothers (of the renowned Body Glove brand) refined Bradner's design throughout the 1950s. Today, boardriders and frogmen alike wear their legacy in the water.

Given the innovative power of the world's militaries, the symbiotic technological relationship between war and surfing shouldn't be too jarring. Despite the sport's traditional emphasis on good vibes and hippie values, it has always been about pushing the limits of what's possible in the water. While the time for exploring motorized warboards is probably over, it seems likely that surfers and soldiers will continue to benefit from each other's cutting-edge designs and novel solutions. Somewhere at this very moment, there is a surfer lamenting the rise of artificial waves. But I imagine he has a counterpart in uniform, thinking that the same waves are the perfect laboratory for the next phase of naval innovation.
Logged
G M
Power User
***
Posts: 15342


« Reply #691 on: November 16, 2017, 11:22:20 AM »

https://www.airforce.com/mission/vision

INTEGRITY FIRST
An Airman is a person of integrity, courage and conviction. They must be willing to control their impulses and exercise courage, honesty and accountability in order to do what is right even when no one is looking.

http://dailycaller.com/2017/11/15/air-force-accepts-adl-award-for-combating-racism-at-academy-buries-fact-that-racism-was-a-total-hoax/?utm_source=site-share


Logged
Pages: 1 ... 12 13 [14] Print 
« previous next »
Jump to:  

Powered by MySQL Powered by PHP Powered by SMF 1.1.21 | SMF © 2015, Simple Machines Valid XHTML 1.0! Valid CSS!